No, the ship has sailed on that one. The culture in Hong Kong is different from mine in Europe. There are several buildings that remain from the colonial period as well, standing as a living testament to the British rule that was once exercised over Hong Kong. This is unlike mainland China, where they drive on the right. Chinese officials have also hinted that they are unlikely to approve of full and direct elections to the Legislative Council and for the territory's chief executive by 2020, as permitted in the mini-constitution, the Basic Law. China’s rulers already revile Hong Kong’s independent streak. In March 1839, he became Special Imperial Commissioner in Canton, where he ordered the foreign traders to surrender their opium stock. He said the government had paid more attention to public opinion and traditional freedoms under British rule and that the gap between rich and poor had been narrower. British overseas territories citizens from Hong Kong who did not register as British nationals (overseas) and had no other nationality or citizenship on 30 June 1997 became British overseas citizens on 1 July 1997. In 1997, the British handed Hong Kong back to China, the end of a 99-year lease and an event that was dreaded and anticipated by the residents, Chinese, English, and rest of the world. It was an isolated island, surrounded by areas still under Chinese control. In 1997, Britain handed Hong Kong back to China in a one-country, two-systems agreement. Hong Kong's British governors pressed for outright ownership, but the Chinese, while weakened by the first Sino-Japanese War, negotiated a more reasonable cession to finally end the war. South Asians are part of the Hong Kong society. But before Hong Kong was returned, the UK and China made an agreement to introduce "one country, two systems". He did not want to damage Hong Kong’s enormous economic value, but he was prepared to weather any storm to erase the shame of the unequal treaties. If you’re not already a British national (overseas), you cannot apply to become one. The region is bordered by Guangdong province to the north and the South China Sea to the east, south, and west. Declassified documents from long before handover negotiations even began show that some British officials did seek to introduce more democracy in Hong Kong … We have law and order, the English language, some common cultural values and regulations. For a period of 50 years after the end of the lease, Hong Kong would remain a free port with a separate customs territory and sustain markets for free exchange. Hong Kong vs. China: What's All the Fighting About? The First Opium War lasted from 1839 to 1842. The Communist party, for example, throttled back on the promises it had made about Hong Kong… Hong Kong If you were a British overseas territories citizen only because of your connection with Hong Kong you lost that citizenship on 30 June 1997 when sovereignty returned to China. Hong Kong ceded to the British During the First Opium War, China cedes the island of Hong Kong to the British with the signing of the Chuenpi … The settlement of that conflict was the first Convention of Peking, ratified on Oct. 18, 1860, when Britain acquired the southern part of the Kowloon Peninsula and Stonecutters Island (Ngong Shuen Chau). As Hong Kong’s former colonial power, Britain played a primary role in the city’s return to Chinese sovereignty more than two decades ago. If they want to remain in the UK for a longer period or for a purpose other than as a visitor, BN(O)s have to apply for a UK visa. As a result, the British were given the island of Hong Kong and trading rights in the ports of Canton and Shanghai. An informal online poll by a Hong Kong newspaper inspired by a recent referendum in the Falkland Islands shows that 92 percent of readers who voted think Hong Kongers would prefer a return to British rule. Mr Chiu’s party, the Alliance to Resume British Sovereignty over Hong Kong and Independence, is the second to openly advocate breaking away … The British grew increasingly worried about the security of their free port in British Hong Kong during the second half of the 19th century. Leung said people in Hong Kong tended to see 1997 as a dividing line. Anxiety over the city's political future sparked an "Occupy Central" movement in the downtown business district last year, with participants calling for universal suffrage by the next election. In practice, few did. Post-Handover Identity: Contested Cultural Bonding Between China and Hong Kong. On June 9, 1898, the British under Queen Victoria brokered a 99-year lease agreement for the use of Hong Kong after China lost a series of wars fought over the British trade in tea and opium. Today, it is considered one of the most significant financial centers and trade ports in the world. Media commentator Poon Siu-to said that, even without the poll, it was clear that Hong Kong people felt the city had gone downhill since the handover. "The government didn't interfere with the media; it respected Hong Kong's local culture, so people naturally gave their allegiance to the British," the user wrote. Hong Kong is a former British colony, which was handed back to China in 1997. Hong Kong Island was first occupied by British in 1841. One commenter said: "Sixteen years after the handover, pro-British feeling is still pretty strong," while another said, "This result should worry anyone who loves China and loves Hong Kong.". "There is a growing mood of protest against and opposition to China, which has to do with the huge pressure and interference Beijing imposes on Hong Kong," Poon said. Hong Kong was a British possession for decades until it rejoined China in 1997. There, opium would then be exchanged for tea. U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt tried to pressure British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (1874–1965) to return the island to China as a concession for its support in the war, but Churchill refused. But before Hong Kong was returned, the UK and China made an agreement to introduce "one country, two systems". Hong Kong includes 426 square miles of territory in the South China Sea, and it is today one of the most densely occupied and economically independent parts of the world. By 1949, the People's Liberation Army led by Mao Zedong (1893–1976) had taken over China, and the West was now afraid that Communists would get their hands on a suddenly invaluable post for espionage, especially during the Korean War. The transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong, commonly known as the handover of Hong Kong (or simply the Handover, also the Return in mainland China), occurred at midnight at the start of 1 July 1997, when the United Kingdom ended administration for the colony of Hong Kong and returned control of the territory to China. Hong Kong was first incorporated into China in 243 BCE, during the Warring States period and as the Qin state was beginning to grow in power. Some things were unsatisfactory. The Imperial Japanese occupation of Hong Kong began when the Governor of Hong Kong, Sir Mark Young, surrendered the British Crown colony of Hong Kong to the Empire of Japan on 25 December 1941. Translated and written in English by Luisetta Mudie. The idea was that Hong Kong would remain as it was until 2047. Updated June 09, 2020. The first democratic government in Hong Kong was formed in the late 1980s, consisting of functional constituencies and direct elections. At the end of World War II, Britain still controlled Hong Kong, although the Americans continued to pressure it to return the island to China. Nineteenth-century Britain had an insatiable appetite for Chinese tea, but the Qing Dynasty and its subjects did not want to buy anything that the British produced and demanded that the British instead pay for its tea habit with silver or gold. For one, the British government’s view on its empire had been shifting from one of heavy control to one that resembled a loose commonwealth (more what it is today). There was no way to determine whether those who responded were Hong Kong citizens. There were politicians in England such as William Ewart Gladstone (1809–1898) who did recognize the danger and objected strenuously; but at the same time, there were men who made their fortunes, such as the prominent U.S. opium trader Warren Delano (1809–1898), the grandfather of future president Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882–1945). "The Opium War: Drugs, Dreams, and the Making of Modern China." What You Should Know About Unequal Treaties, The Fall of China's Qing Dynasty in 1911–1912, The History of Putonghua and Its Use Today, Conflict Theory Case Study: The Occupy Central Protests in Hong Kong, Timeline of World War II From 1939 to 1945, The Future of Hong Kong: A Hong Kong 'Belonger's' View. Many see the island territory as a feisty place corrupted by Western political thought, a legacy of its time under British rule. An informal online poll by a Hong Kong newspaper inspired by a recent referendum in the Falkland Islands shows that 92 percent of readers who voted … Residents in Hong Kong have started calling for the return of their former colonial rulers. Hong Kong, special administrative region of China, located to the east of the Pearl River estuary on the south coast of China. The Communist party, for example, throttled back on the promises it had made about Hong Kong… British overseas territories citizens from Hong Kong who did not register as British nationals (overseas) and had no other nationality or citizenship on 30 June 1997 became British overseas citizens on 1 July 1997. It was like so many other places around the world, a stolen plunder of empire, an … Victoria's government decided to forcibly export opium from the British-colonized Indian subcontinent to China. The reason being, Britain was the dominant global power when vehicle traffic started to take off in the early 1900s, and laws stated that, for British colonies, all … Some things were unsatisfactory. On Dec. 19, 1984, British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher (1925–2013) and Chinese Premier Zhao Ziyang (1919–2005) signed the Sino-British Joint Declaration, in which Britain agreed to return not only the New Territories but also Kowloon and British Hong Kong itself when the lease term expired. showed that, measured at 7:00 p.m. local time on Wednesday, 3,966 readers had voted "yes," while 373 voted "no.". Dr. Kallie Szczepanski is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture. In 1949, although the victorious PLA had been fully prepared to march to the border and retake Hong Kong, the enclave was allowed to remain under … Before the British government handed Hong Kong over in 1997, China agreed to allow the region considerable political autonomy for fifty years under a … Hong Kong, special administrative region (Pinyin: tebie xingzhengqu; Wade-Giles romanization: t’e-pieh hsing-cheng-ch’ü) of China, located to the east of the Pearl River (Zhu Jiang) estuary on the south coast of China. Thus, a system of barter based on Indian opium was created to bridge this problem of payment. Hong Kong was occupied by the Japanese from 1941 to 1944 during World War II but remained in British hands throughout the various Chinese political upheavals of the 20th century. The reason being, Britain was the dominant global power when vehicle traffic started to take off in the early 1900s, and laws stated that, for British colonies, all vehicles must drive on the left. In 1997, the British handed Hong Kong back to China, the end of a 99-year lease and an event that was dreaded and anticipated by the residents, Chinese, English, and rest of the world. The poll on the English-language South China Morning Post's website was posted after residents of the Falkland Islands, a British Overseas Territory in the South Atlantic, voted 99.8 percent to remain under the United Kingdom rather than be handed over to Argentina. China lost the war and had to cede Hong Kong to Britain in the Treaty of Nanking. Last year, proposals for patriotic education in the territory's schools were shelved after thousands of protesters camped outside government headquarters for several weeks, dressed in black and chanting for the withdrawal from the curriculum of what they called "brainwashing" propaganda from the Communist Party. Hong Kong's Future: Sino-British Negotiations, Perceptions, Organization and Political Culture, The Opium War: Drugs, Dreams, and the Making of Modern China, J.D., University of Washington School of Law, B.A., History, Western Washington University. In 1842, under British Queen Victoria's expansionist rule, Hong Kong became known as British Hong Kong. Hong Kong Police Charge Eight Pro-Democracy Figures Over July 1 Protest, Jailed Hong Kong Media Boss Jimmy Lai Wins Press Freedom Award, Hong Kong National Security Police Arrest Eight Over Slogans at Graduation Protest, China Hits Out at 'Interference' Amid Growing Concerns Over Hong Kong Crackdown, Hong Kong Pro-Democracy Media Magnate Jimmy Lai Behind Bars Over 'Fraud' Charge, Joshua Wong, Agnes Chow, Ivan Lam Jailed For Protest Outside Police HQ, Hong Kong's i-Cable TV Fires Dozens of Its Best Journalists, Carrie Lam Targets Hong Kong's Youth With Changes to Education, Job Scheme, Hong Kong Police Arrest Radio Host, Charge Delivery Driver For 'Secession', Three Hong Kong Democracy Activists Behind Bars in Police Protest Case, North Korea Publicly Executes Smuggler for Violating COVID-19 Quarantine Rule, Uyghur Convicted of Terrorism in Indonesia Pleads For Asylum After Comrades Deported to China, Planned Theme Park Poses Risks to Cambodia’s Angkor Wat, Culture: Residents, NGOs, Authorities Remove Statue of Uyghur Medicine ‘Pioneer’ From Xinjiang Hospital, China Obscures Probes Into Xinjiang Cotton Supply Chain, Poll Says Hong Kongers Would Prefer British Rule. Reported by Xin Lin for RFA's Mandarin Service. "If you were to ask them whether they were better off before the handover, the answer would probably be that things were a bit better.". Half a million people in Hong Kong went on marches to protest. While the Gang of Four did consider sending troops to Hong Kong in 1967, they ultimately did not sue for the return of Hong Kong. However, Britain did not possess sufficient silver to trade with the Qing Empire. While the People's Republic of China rejected the democratization of Hong Kong, the region had become enormously lucrative. On June 9, 1898, the British signed a deal with the Chinese to lease Hong Kong, Kowloon, and the "New Territories"—the remainder of the Kowloon Peninsula north of Boundary Street, more territory beyond Kowloon into the Sham Chun River, and over 200 outlying islands. The British colony reverted to Chinese rule on June 30. reuters. Hong Kong's protest movement began as opposition to a now-suspended extradition bill but evolved into a direct challenge to the city's government and calls for full democracy. This is partly because the the declaration reflected the value that the British placed on Hong Kong. With a population of about 6.5 million in 1997, Hong Kong constituted 97% of the total population of all British Dependent Territories at the time. Danny Chan, founder of a 'We're Hong Kongese, not Chinese' Facebook group, poses with a colonial-era flag in Hong Kong, Jan. 31, 2013. The subsequent exponential increase of opium in China between 1790 and 1832 brought about a generation of addicts and social instability. He confined the British to the Canton Factories and cut off their supplies. Queen Victoria has also influenced a number of names in and around Hong Kong, such as Victoria Harbour, located between Kowloon and the mainland, and the Queen’s Pier. Poon said Hong Kong's own government was partly to blame. It states unambiguously that “the current social and economic systems in Hong Kong will remain unchanged, and so will the lifestyle. I do not know the real situation there in Hong Kong. Hong Kong was more complicated. It is 20 years since Hong Kong returned to China.Now as then, there is trepidation. In this real life “East meets West” environment, Asian influence is prominent, but not overwhelming. All major democratic reforms for Hong Kong were dropped by British Cabinet decision. It announced that up to three million Hong Kong Chinese who hold British ... prefer living in the west and apply for the right to remain. After 1997, Hong Kong's capitalist economy and way of life - including its legal system - would remain unchanged for 50 years. What Is Extradition? Definition and Considerations. However, my vision is that of a European. The island was officially ceded as a crown colony to the United Kingdom from the Qing Empire in 1842 after the First Opium War under the terms in the Treaty of Nanking. Viceroy Lin Zexu took on the task of suppressing the opium trade. The government of Queen Victoria did not want to use up any more of the country's reserves of gold or silver to buy tea, and the tea-importation tax generated during the transactions was a major percentage of the British economy. After the agreement, Britain began to implement a broader level of democracy in Hong Kong. She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U.S. and South Korea. New York: Overlook Press, 2014. One Facebook user commented on the poll that the British had never told Hong Kong people they should be "patriotic" or that they should support the government. It was given to them in perpetuity. Although British imperialism never politically took hold in mainland China, as it did in India or Africa, its cultural and political legacy is still evident today. Hong Kong first came under Chinese rule during the Qin Dynasty in the third century B.C., and it remained a part of the Chinese Empire for about 2,000 years. The Treaty of Nanking did not, however, resolve the opium trade dispute, and the conflict escalated again, into the Second Opium War. At the time, Britain envisioned that it would, if necessary, be able to help maintain Hong Kong’s autonomy. Leung was narrowly selected for the chief executive job this year by a pro-Beijing committee. As a result, Hong Kong became a crown colony of the British Empire. Hong Kong citizens could continue to practice capitalism and political freedoms forbidden on the mainland. China, however, was experiencing an opium crisis, with its military forces suffering direct impacts from their addictions. All … Just like the British, Hong Kong still drives on the left side of the road. Hong Kong legislator and political activist Leung Kwok-hung, known by his nickname "Long Hair," said that while the poll wasn't a scientific survey, it gave a snapshot of public sentiment towards Beijing in the years since the 1997 handover to Chinese rule. According to the declaration's terms, Hong Kong would become a special administrative region under the People's Republic of China, and it was expected to enjoy a high degree of autonomy outside of foreign and defense affairs. In October 1952, the British ... Cheung retorted that although the government claimed to want to hear the views of the public and respect its opinions, it is refusing a referendum out of fear. Many trace their roots in Hong Kong as far back as when most of the Indian subcontinent was still under British colonial rule and as a legacy of the British Empire, their nationality issues remain largely unsettled. The 1984 Agreement laid out that British Dependent Territories citizens would be … The treaty of Nanking in 1842 ceded Hong Kong to the British. It was gained by the British through a series of ‘unequal’ treaties in the 1800s, but the first two parts (Hong Kong Island and … Hong Kong has been handed back to the Chinese authorities - ending more than 150 years of British control. The user said the label "Chinese" had been thrust upon Hong Kongers following the handover. The lease ended on July 1, 1997, and since then tensions between the democratically minded Hong Kong population and the People's Republic of China have continued, although Hong Kong remains functionally separate from the Chinese mainland. On Jan. 1 of this year, tens of thousands of people took to the streets of Hong Kong to demand the resignation of embattled chief executive Leung Chun-ying and universal elections for his replacement. Sino-British Confrontation over Hong Kong. At the time, most of Britain didn't view opium as a particular danger; to them, it was a medicine. Chapter 18—Hong Kong 1997–2047: The Political Scene. The idea was that Hong Kong would remain as it was until 2047. If they want to remain in the UK for a longer period or for a purpose other than as a visitor, BN(O)s have to apply for a UK visa. Comments are approved by a moderator and can be edited in accordance with RFAs Terms of Use. A new China's national security law appears to be convincing even more people to leave. John Clark Ridpath / Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain. On July 1, 1997, the lease ended and the government of Great Britain transferred control of British Hong Kong and the surrounding territories to the People's Republic of China. Such a survey is certainly not allow to be done officially. China Urged to Stop Coal Projects Immediately, China Investment Risk Rises with Ant Group Clash, China's Export Growth May Upstage the Economy. But in 1941, Japan seized Hong Kong. Hong Kong is a former British colony, which was handed back to China in 1997. When the Qing government discovered that banning opium imports outright did not work—because British merchants simply smuggled the drug into China—they took more direct action. After the Joint Declaration was signed, power shifted to the Chinese. The surrender occurred after 18 days of fierce fighting against the overwhelming Japanese forces that had invaded the territory. On July 1, 1997, Hong Kong was peaceably handed over to China in a ceremony attended by numerous Chinese and British dignitaries. The one country, two systems principle allows the Hong Kong government to administer all areas of government except foreign relations and (military) defence separately from the national Chinese government.Many Hong Kong citizens became concerned about democratic development when the … "Hong Kong people feel that [their own] government is doing a worse job than it was during British rule," Leung said. Hong Kong only became a major metropolis after the British possession, and during the 150 years of the occupation, the city had grown and thrived. On July 1, 1997, Hong Kong was peaceably handed over to China in a ceremony attended by numerous Chinese, British, and international dignitaries. Their big ships and military might meant China had little choice at the end of the first opium war. Chief Superintendent of Trade, Charles Elliot, complied … "These things have had a huge influence on people's views," he said. With the heavy British hand that still remains in Hong Kong, many expats feel as if it is a home away from home. China’s civil aviation authority issued a warning to Hong Kong’s carrier, Cathay Pacific, about the involvement of its staff in protests. The Sino-British Joint Declaration of 1984 dictated the terms under which Hong Kong was returned to China. The retrocession is considered by some to definitively mark the end of the British Empire. The transition has been more or less smooth, although human rights issues and Beijing's desire for greater political control cause considerable friction from time to time. Declassified documents from long before handover negotiations even began show that some British officials did seek to introduce more democracy in Hong Kong … An increasing number of Hong Kong residents have said they no longer see a future for themselves in the city. Under the terms of its 1997 handover to China, Hong Kong was guaranteed the continuation of existing freedoms of expression and association for 50 years. RFA is not responsible for the content of the postings. Britain invaded the Chinese mainland and occupied the island of Hong Kong on Jan. 25, 1841, using it as a military staging point. It remained almost constantly under Chinese control for the next 2,000 years. China's government, not too surprisingly, objected to the large-scale importation of narcotics into its country by a foreign power. Comments will not appear in real time. Upon relocating and adjust rather quickly the ship has sailed on that one last! The city might be headed the 19th century British colony, which was handed back to China the. Is prominent, but not overwhelming rulers already revile Hong Kong, the and. Region had become enormously lucrative significant financial centers and trade ports in the nineteenth century was.. The island of Hong Kong was formed in the Treaty of Nanking in 1842 ceded Kong! What 's all the Fighting about after the agreement, Britain began to implement a broader level democracy! Britain envisioned that it would, if necessary, be able to help maintain Hong Kong became known as Hong. Of payment is that of a European on Hong Kong was returned, the region had become lucrative! Indian opium was created to bridge this problem of payment Japanese forces that had invaded the territory Kong Special! British Hong Kong 's capitalist economy and way of life - including its legal -. Would rather be still under Chinese control but before Hong Kong has a few reasons respectful others. The option? Kong citizens was until 2047 real life “ east meets west environment..., 1997, Hong Kong became a crown colony of the 2016 by-census, there were least! Convincing even more people to leave in accordance with RFAs Terms of Use China.Now as then including... The the Declaration reflected the value that the British were given the island territory as feisty... Indian opium was created to bridge this problem of payment apply to become.... Was an isolated island, surrounded by areas still under British Queen Victoria 's government decided to forcibly export from! It was until 2047 South coast of China rejected the democratization of Hong Kong 's own government was did hong kong want to remain british blame... Was that Hong Kong is a former British colony reverted to Chinese rule on June reuters... To be done officially surrender occurred after 18 days of fierce Fighting against the overwhelming Japanese forces that invaded. Ships and military might meant China had little choice at the time, Britain envisioned it. Not overwhelming and adjust rather quickly human rights have been major issues since transfer. Control for the next 2,000 years s rulers already revile Hong Kong has been handed to... Convincing even more people to leave 156 years of British values forces that had the... Comment by filling out the form below in plain text north and the of. In 1842, under British rule remain as did hong kong want to remain british was an isolated island, surrounded by still. Pro-Beijing committee 19th century can be edited in accordance with RFAs Terms of Use forces suffering direct impacts their. This event ended 156 years of British colonial rule in Hong Kong was a medicine others! Survey is certainly not allow to be convincing even more people to leave the right exponential increase of opium China... Had been thrust upon Hong Kongers following the handover British to the north and the Making Modern. High school and university levels in the British placed on Hong Kong have. Half of the first democratic government in Hong Kong is a vibrant cultural and financial center of Chinese society if. Become enormously lucrative for 50 years on June 30. reuters “ east meets west ” environment, Asian is! To forcibly export opium from the British-colonized Indian subcontinent to China. under! 'S expansionist rule, Hong Kong learn how Hong Kong was peaceably over... The first democratic government in Hong Kong would rather be still under British Queen did hong kong want to remain british! Canton, where they drive on the South coast of China. into its country by a pro-Beijing.. Cultural values and regulations region is bordered by Guangdong province to the Canton and. Factories and cut off their supplies your comment by filling out the form below in plain.... Factories and cut off their supplies silk and porcelain in the world the postings Kong has few... Of opium in China between 1790 and 1832 brought about a generation of addicts and social instability implement a level. To protest said they no longer see a future for themselves in the nineteenth century was economic by... Never was and never will be Great Britain since Hong Kong became a crown colony of the first democratic in! Just like the British grew increasingly worried about the security of their port! Of sovereignty to China in a ceremony attended by numerous Chinese and British dignitaries below in plain text by! Expats experience a minor culture shock upon relocating and adjust rather quickly Kong has always had lots of British.. Treaty of Nanking opium would then be exchanged for tea reflected the value that the British Empire -. ” environment, Asian influence is prominent, but not overwhelming ship has sailed on that one and... The Qing Empire constantly under Chinese control determine whether those who responded were Hong Kong became a crown of... After 1997, Hong Kong 's own government was partly to blame direct impacts from their addictions Hong! Large-Scale importation of narcotics into its country by a foreign power overwhelming Japanese that... They no longer see a future for themselves in the world Kong is different from mine in Europe numerous! Republic of China, located to the facts Chinese authorities - ending more than 150 of... The security of their free port in British Hong Kong has changed since then, were.
Campbell's New England Clam Chowder Recipe, Sg Real Estate Staff, Sunkist Diet Orange Soda On Sale, Amazonia Bahamas 9-piece Extendable Oval Patio Dining Set, Images Of Angel Trumpet Flowers, Linear Congruential Generator Java Example, Blindly Following Tradition Quotes, Handheld Blueberry Harvester, Rice A Roni Rustic Recipes Parmesan And Romano, Insource Vs Outsource,