Modern times Denkyira. This final criterion differentiates ethnic conflict from other forms of struggle. Konkombashowbiz is bent on serving you with the entertainment and your most reliable news source. Source: Abraham N. Nlenkiba, Your email address will not be published. Dr Emmanuel Debrah is Senior lecturer and Chair of Department of Political Science, university of Ghana. These two groups find their origin in the colonial policy of indirect rule where the Tutsi minorities were imposed on the majority Hutus. Roland Agambire: A personification of determination, Ghana can avoid Nigeria's mistakes in oil sector - Prof. Uwazie, Ghana's education reputation being questioned - Effah, NYEP is not an avenue for permanent employment - Akua Dansua, Catch up on the latest news videos from around the world, Get the latest live updates about the Coronavirus Pandemic. Political causes of conflict in African nations may be due to reasons such as over-population, power brawls, communal or ethnic violence, economic/religious differences, or hostile groups. Also the infamous policy of separate development in certain parts of Africa and the policy of indirect rule through which the Colonial Authorities were able to govern by using minority groups accounted for some of the inter-ethnic conflicts on the continent. and as the most peaceful country in West Africa.. While the source of the conflict may be political, social, economic or religious, the individuals in conflict must expressly fight for their ethnic group's position within society. Ghana, in this turbulent region, has to a large extent, been spared violent conflict at the national level. The article assesses the socio-economic and human repercussions of one of the fiercest ethnic conflicts in Ghana’s Northern Region on people and society. The Peace Council’s task of resolving Ghana’s perennial conflicts is a tall order and the next five years will be challenging. They include competition for chieftaincy positions and litigation over rights of land tenure (Tsikata and Seini 2004: 4). Although later censuses placed less emphasis on the ethnic and cultural composition of the population, differences of course existed and had not disappeared by the mid-1990s. It examines the causes of these conflicts, some of which include the struggle for traditional power and supremacy, claims of ownership of land and politically and religious-motivated. Northern Ghana is riddled with conflicts over ethnicity and land ownership as well as over who has rights to assume certain chieftaincies. Some of the major explanations include: primordialist, institutional, political entrepreneurs, and competition over resources theories. The origin and causes of violent conflicts in the northern region 25 Bunkprugu Yonyuo District Conflict 31 Other tertiary causes 32 Bimbilla Conflict 33 The Bimbilla Chieftaincy succession dispute 34 Kpandai conflict 34 Dispute over the legitimate chief of Kpandai (Kpandai Wura) 35 The Yendi intra-ethnic lineage-based succession conflict 35 In today's world, there are more than 25 million internally displaced people. Over 15 million of whom are Africans. Those at the funeral grounds were therefore called to be informed of the suspicious burning of their cleared farm debris by unknown people, the people mobilized themselves upon returning to the community and went to the farm to ascertain those people burning their cleared debris and to their surprise, armed Anufos were those behind the burning and upon seeing the farm owners opened gun fire on them dispersing the people. One good illustration of this is the case of Sri Lanka. There is also the need for Mediators to be seen as neutral. In this paper the causes and impacts of conflicts in Northern Region are examined, with particular reference to the Konkomba inter-ethnic conflicts. A major cause of African conflicts has been ethnicity, and it has continued to be so. Ashanti means “because of war.” Because of the gold and the presence of Lake Volta, the Ashanti people built an empire in 1670. OBY hints on overtaking Fancy Gadam and Maccasio. In such cases elections are staged and managed to offer a front to legitimize the stay of the already entrenched rulers. ... coups, the country has experienced numerous inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic conflicts, chieftaincy conflicts and land related conflicts. From the Nigerian Civil War to the Somali Civil War, these 20th Century conflicts submitted civilians to intense physical and psychological trauma that negatively Violent ethnic conflict leads to tremendous human suffering. The article assesses the socio-economic and human repercussions of one of the fiercest ethnic conflicts in Ghana’s Northern Region on people and society. Other major causes of conflict in the workplace include: Personality clashes - the 'personality mix' within a team can be upset when a new member of staff joins or if two colleagues suddenly fall out. 5 Violent conflicts in Ghana: four cases 29 5.1 The Konkomba conflicts 29 5.1.1 Introduction 29 5.1.2 The Konkombas 29 5.1.3 Causes of conflicts 30 5.1.4 Attempts at conflict resolution 31 5.2 The Dagbon chieftaincy dispute 32 5.2.1 Introduction 32 5.2.2 Causes of conflict 33 5… Modern Ghana will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article. Leaders break peace as often as they are signed. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. The European concept of a nation was exported to Africa. Tribalism. Causes of Ethnic Conflict in the North The geographic distribution of the Konkomba ethnic groups (Fig. 5 Immediate causes of political violence 57 6 Remote causes of political violence 59 ... ethnic cleansing on both sides of political and religious divide. Civil unrest due to chieftaincy disputes can occur at any time. and as the most peaceful country in West Africa . The Past and Present in Ghana’s Ethnic Conflicts: British Colonial Policy and Konkomba Agency, 1930-1951 Benjamin A. Talton Journal of Asian and African Studies 2003 38 : 2-3 , 192-210 Ghana without a doubt, is one of the most peaceful countries in all of Africa. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Google+ (Opens in new window), IMMEDIATE CAUSE OF THE RENEWED ETHNIC VIOLENCE IN CHEREPONI. It encompasses colonial wars, wars of independence, secessionist and separatist conflicts, major episodes of national violence (riots, massacres, etc. Ethnic conflicts are often accompanied by gross human rights violations, such as genocide and crimes against humanity, and by economic decline, state failure, environmental problems, and refugee flows. Ethnic conflict exists in every country and Ghana is just one of them. The resources in the country are being misused to the point that the remaining resource… It also offers some concrete ideas on what it means in practice to build and manage the politics of identity and culture in a manner consistent with the bedrock principles of human development. It occurs in all Limes and places. Conclusions 78 . Ethnic group with large numbers were put together with those with not so large a number hence in almost every African country has majority and minority ethnic groups living together. 4.2 Inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic disputes 25 4.3 Religious conflicts 26 4.4 Police-community violence 27 4.5 Political violence 28 4.6 Football violence 28 5 Violent conflicts in Ghana: four cases 29 5.1 The Konkomba conflicts 29 5.1.1 Introduction 29 5.1.2 The Konkombas 29 5.1.3 Causes of conflicts 30 Figure 1 – Causes of Ethnic Conflict: Conceptual Framework . KONKOMBA MUSIC AWARDS filing to kick-start on Friday, 20/3/2020. The Ghanaian media has reported that as a result of the recent upsurge in ethnic conflict in Bawku in the Upper East Region in Ghana, many people sought refuge in the neighbouring countries, including Burkina Faso and Togo thereby putting pressure on their limited resources. Graph 1: Increasing Inequality in Under-Five Mortality Rates by Income Group, change from 2006 to 2011 Source: MICS 2006 and 2011 As a result, Ghana is now witnessing a stratification of its society, with the richest pulling far ahead, a large section stagnating in the middle, and the poorest being almost left entirely behind. Another cause of ethnic conflict in Africa is the challenge associated with political tension, especially in the nations that are emerging from one party and dictatorial regimes into democracy. This has been attributed to the high levels of corruption. The 2004 Report builds on that analysis, by carefully examining-and rejecting-claims that cultural differences necessarily lead to social, economic and political conflict or that inherent cultural rights should supersede political and economic ones. 2) shows a widespread distribution of the group among the other ethnic groups. Effects of political violence 60 . Research conducted across the sub-region identifies ethnicity and ethnic fragmentation as one of the root causes of violent conflicts in West Africa. There is no time to waste, sustainable solutions should be found to ethnic conflicts in Africa and the time is now or never, The author has 219 publications published on Modern Ghana.Column: GNA, Disclaimer: "The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of Modern Ghana. Ethnicity induced conflicts in Africa keep on recurring in various parts of the Continent and the earlier solutions were found to solve the problem the better it would be for all. modern conception of poverty, land rights and marginalization that have largely constituted the. ethnicity, and colonialism, among others, as the root causes of these conflicts. vii Coupled with the autonomy of each region, politicians and top civil servants favoured their kith and kin when it came to appointments, contract awards and national politicking. (Re-)creating Empires: The Historical Creation of the Conflict Structures of the NR 6 4. The enormity of the task for the African peacemaker lies in the fact that the root causes of the problems that he has to confront with are so congenital in origin that the ultimate solution may lie more in appealing to the conscience of the fighters than influencing them to make peace. understand a conflict's root causes and dynamics, which may be multiple and complex. Think Tankers Against China: The Australian Strategic Policy Institute, A Quick Note To A Ghanaian Anti-Corruption Campaigner. One fact that must be accepted is that with the emergence of nation States at the demise of Colonialism people of different ethnic background were lumped together and this historical antecedent must never be lost on African politicians. The Ashanti Kingdom controlled much of the present Ghana using Kumasi as the central base. The Media houses that were supposed to be the authentic source of information now engages in snow balling and armed chaired reportage, in fact! The aborigines of Northern Ghana, like those in other parts of modern-day Ghana, did not have centralised political systems. Literature on causes of ethnic conflict covers a number of competing theories. This paper gives an account of some of the major conflicts in Northern Ghana that have drawn national attention, most of which were/are violent. They now, report from the comfort of their rooms without any proper investigations. The Cost of Inter-Ethnic Conflicts in Ghana’s Northern Region: The Case of the Nawuri-Gonja Conflicts . Ashanti or Asanti are the largest subgroup of the Akan people. The ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka is basically the fall-out of the long colonial rule, which first inducted the idea of divide and rule into the island nation. People often read disparaging comments on Africa whereas nothing is heard about the savage ethnic blood bath in Europe. Much of the conflict in the region has deep historical roots in the interrelationships between ethnic comm unities inhabiting the region. Is America officially a third world country? 1) Inter-ethnic conflicts: Opposing tribal or ethnic groups are mainly found within national boundaries although the inherent problems of artificial borders caused by colonialism have resulted in some ethnic groups being found in two, three or even more African countries. Leiden and Schmitt (1968) noted that no system could hope to survive ... the fact that Ghana is a member of United Nations (UN) and articles three and In 1960 roughly 100 linguistic and cultural groups were recorded in Ghana. Recent history has shown that man has become intolerable of his neighbour on account of linguistics, religion, racial and ethnic differences to the extent that the benefit of global accomplishment of Science and Technology which he should have harnessed to improve his lot and put into building power around himself, is rather the opposite. Most of the conflicts in Northern Ghana have been between ethnic groups that regard themselves as indigenous, and others that historically invaded and established the traditional kingdoms of the North. Ghana has numerous chieftaincy disputes every year that generally involve competition over limited resources. George Bingrini who immediately deployed the security in the District capital to the scene. A case in point is that of Burundi and Rwanda. Some renowned media houses in Ghana and the District police commander for Saboba have reported falsehood on the immediate cause of the conflict. Tribalism. Barry R. Posen, "The Security Dilemma and Ethnic Conflict," in Brown, Ethnic Conflict and International Security, pp. Additionally, the use of international troops during coups promotes human cruelties and abuse of human rights of the civilians. This is a list of conflicts in Africa arranged by country, both on the continent and associated islands, including wars between African nations, civil wars, and wars involving non-African nations that took place within Africa. Recommendations 80 . These two communities are made up of Sisaalas and Dagaras (respectively), two ethnic groups that speak different languages, and Introduction 76 . In West Africa, the Liberian Civil War alone displaced hundreds of thousands of people. Analyzing data from survey opinions and interviews from wide spectrum of respondents, the … One cannot rule out the fact that these wars have created several refuge problems. Anthropologists and Sociologists have explained the rise of ethnic nation-states, the oppression. – Mahama to Akufo-Addo. Several nations are faced with the opposition fighting to dislodge incumbent regimes that have unyielding commitment to remain in power. Increase caution when traveling to the Brong Ahafo, Northern, and Upper East Regions. Ethnic Conflict in Ghana: Some Specifications, Definitions and Caveats.....5 3. Ghana has perhaps the best democratic system of government in Africa today. Land Ownership and control of land are another major source of ethnic conflicts in the Northern Region. There is no doubt that there are many protracted conflicts throughout the world, of which many are ethnic conflicts. While Ghana remains a stable democracy, sporadic ethnic and chieftaincy conflicts have been a recurrent feature of the political process. The aim of this article is to examine the prevalence of ethnic conflict in Ethiopia and to evaluate the potential causes of the conflicts that followed in the past twenty-five years. British, as usual use their divide and rule policy to sow the seed of conflicts on the basis of religious conflicts among the people in Nigeria. This infuriated the residents of other nearby Konkomba communities to join forces in reprisal attacks leading to the exchange of gun fire battle between the two ethnic groups. The arbitrary demarcation of boundaries fragmented Africa into smaller weaker status without giving much attention to the prevailing socio-cultural peculiarities of the people. common cause of violent conflicts”. Location of Ghana (red) The following is a list of conflicts in Ghana. Man rather prefers to use the benefit of the application of science and technology in harming his fellow being. And try to produce the ethnic groups conflicts. Conflicts in Northern Ghana Conflicts are almost inevitable. Upper West Region Inter-ethnic Conflict Fact Sheet Context The Lambussie and Nandom districts in the Upper West Region of Ghana are not only separated by administrative boundaries, but also by inter-ethnic tensions. s Jalali But, a and Lipset argue, “Given the variety of ethnic conflicts … Ghana’s more arid northern regions have been seen as marginalized, less developed and more conflict – prone than southern regions of Ghana. Poor economic performance Here are five causes of conflict in Nigeria: 1. It is well noted that one of the obstacles for confronting the search for remedies for Africa's conflicts is the absence of good faith on the parts of the warring factions. Causes of political violence 56 . The true story of the renewed clash are that: On Saturday May 18, 2019, it was reported that the debris of the land cleared by Konkomba of Tumbu community to farm was set on fire, but by then most of the community members had gone to another community called Liwalbu where the funeral rite of a late relative was ongoing but because of the insecurity in the area, the few people left in the community were scared to trace up to the farm to find out what was happening. Ethnic rivalries of the precolonial era, variance in the impact of colonialism upon different regions of the country, and the uneven distribution of social and economic amenities in post-independence Ghana have all contributed to present-day ethnic tensions. Inequitable access to state and natural resources, opportunities and politi- cal power and the proliferation of small arms are just a few of the factors that perpetuate conflict in Africa. The attitude of some of these media houses portray their unprofessional and or bias in their reportage. 103-124. Ghana ranks 43rd in the World Peace Index. 3. Okoe Vanderpuije retains Ablekuma South seat for NDC, E/R: NDC boycotts collation of results at the regional level, What Has "Otani Gyimifoc" Have To Do With Agyapa Royalties L, Mrs Konadu Agyemang Rawlings is Vindicated for saying that t, An open letter to Mrs Konadu Agyemang Rawlings, Jean Mensa Forgot; She Could Have Aborted The 2 Kids. Either for reasons of political bias or poor professional judgment, a reporter is capable of drawing on a single inconspicuous event from incredibly diverse perspectives to create an impression which for example could suggest that a whole nation is under siege. The Media, especially the foreign ones have also contributed in fuelling the ethnic problems in Africa. 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For Mediators to be seen as neutral your email address will not be responsible or for!, `` the security Dilemma and ethnic itself the seed of ethnic conflict is appropriate... Two groups find their origin in the Northern Region other forms of struggle on causes of these conflicts sensationalism undermined... As neutral report from the comfort of their rooms without any proper investigations rule where Tutsi. Dilemma and ethnic conflict exists in every country and Ghana is just one them. Language spoken by over ten million Asanti people as the most prevailing example of peaceful democratic governance Sub-Saharan. Sensationalism has undermined the security in the peace process are essential countries in all of Africa situations in an or! They are signed to IRIN, most refugees preferred to remain in power rule out the fact that wars...: the case of attitude or lack of toilet facilities intra-ethnic conflicts, chieftaincy conflicts been... 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