These strategies have been shown to produce positive results on student learning, but like all strategies, there are appropriate and inappropriate times to use them. Today, we all agree that the passive mode of teaching or rather lecture mode of teaching is passe. Meta-Analytic Synthesis of Studies Conducted at Marzano Research Laboratory on Instructional Strategies. Updated September 9, 2014. At a more specific level, the research supported teaching: Hattie’s review of research did not support teaching perceptual motor programs. And these are the ones we want to use as teachers. Marzano also found that you can explicitly teach deeper levels of understanding. Start studying Marzano's and Hattie's High Yield Strategies. John Hattie assumes that strategies above 0.40, or 40%, are the most successful. He found that it was critical for teachers to expose students to the same word multiple times. How do you add mixed fractions with different denominators? (2016). Shaun is committed to bringing you practical advice based on solid research. In a nutshell, Hattie advises teachers to focus on: For a full and up-to-date list of Hattie’s influences on student achievement, visit Visible Learning Metax. John Hattie and Robert Marzano have each conducted significant reviews of what works best in the classroom. Spread the loveThere’s no doubt that teaching in high school is like no other kind of teaching. This involves: See How to Give Feedback to Students: The Advanced Guide. John Hattie has authored an exceptional work called Visible Learning: A Synthesis of Over 800 Meta-Analyses Related to Achievement.He identifies the degree to which 138 educational strategies impact learning. Robert Marzano found that helping students apply their knowledge deepens their understanding. Student results provide the basis for both feedback to: If you want students to internalize new information, you need to expose them to it several times. This is an alternative to Bloom that Hattie advocates. Hattie’s Most Effective Instructional Strategies 8 Strategies Hattie and Marzano Agree On Marzano’s High-Yield Instructional Strategies Providing Formative Evaluation A Clear Focus for the Lesson Identifying Similarities and Differences Micro Teaching Offer Overt Instruction Summarizing and Note Taking Comprehensive Interventions for For further information, see 7 High-Impact Learning Strategies You Must Teach Your Students. However, to be effective, such praise must: As Carol Dweck noted, if you praise lavishly and liberally, you end up praising mediocrity. Desired effects are those above d=0.30 (Wiliam, Lee, Harrison, and Black 2004) and d=0.40 (Hattie, 1999) which are attributable to the specific interventions or methods being researched– changes beyond natural maturation or chance. Hattie, J. Direct Instruction involves explicitly teaching a carefully sequenced curriculum. We explain Marzano's High-Yield Instructional Strategies with video tutorials and quizzes, using our Many Ways ... John Hattie's Visible Learning confirms the effectiveness of Marzano's strategies. HITS have emerged from the findings of tens of thousands of studies on what has worked in classrooms across Australia and the world. He also found that curriculum matters too. Using it to clarify some of the faulty assumptions they currently hold, Highlighting what is right and wrong, or good and bad about their work, Helping students to see how they can improve, Novice or struggling students need immediate feedback, More experienced and capable students do better when they receive delayed feedback, You on the impact your teaching is having, Teaching students how to think deductively, Believed they would master fractions were more likely to do so, Saw themselves as poor readers were less likely to improve their reading, Be genuine – i.e. In his book, Hattie synthesised over 500,000+ studies related to student achievement. They also agree that inter-group competition can increase the effect of cooperative learning even more. Home » Teaching Strategies » Hattie & His High Impact Strategies for Teachers, May 14, 2017 By Shaun Killian (MEd, MLead). In education, louder than the call for innovation, engagement, thought, or self-direction is the call to be research-based. (2009). Hattie's High Impact Strategies) + blended learning approaches. By using graphic organisers. Marzano uses more isolated strategies, while Hattie combines strategies into broader approaches, Marzano’s findings are based heavily on teacher-designed assessments. Home; Trending; Categories; Workshops; Advertise; Search. Marzano also found that posing questions at the start of a lesson is an effective way to focus students. The Highly Engaged Classroom. (2012). He has piloted more than 30 million dollars in research grants, has published over 350 articles, 300 conference papers, twelve books and supervised close to 200 thesis students. John Hattie talks about the impact of the teacher on their students, and their ability to teach their students to know their impact on themselves. Old School Strategies (i.e. He also stresses the merit of giving students time to practice doing the things they have learned to do. Use of such strategies don't automatically guarantee success. References: Hattie, J. Robert Marzano & Mark Haystead. John Hattie did not review explicit teaching per se, but he did find that Direct Instruction was very effective. We are cautioned against using a narrow range or list of strategies. Explore the high yield instructional strategies made famous by Hattie, Marzano and other theorists with a techno spin! If students haven’t gained enough mastery of the material, they cannot actively participate in cooperative learning tasks. In contexts with high social capital, educator relationships are characterized by frequent interaction, collaboration, and trust, resulting in positive student outcomes (Leana, 2011). Marzano adds that if students are to master what they are being taught, they also need opportunities for individual practice and feedback. Updated September 9, 2014 Today, we all agree that the passive mode of teaching or rather lecture mode of teaching is passe. As a high yield instructional strategy kids can simply learn from their peers and share ideas from a different voice other than the teacher. High Impact Teaching Strategies’ dimension of FISO and classroom practice. It is situation specific. For example, a student may feel confident that they can dance well on stage but be insecure about public speaking. Visible Learning: A Synthesis of Over 800 Meta-Analyses Relating to Achievement. a single lesson may have more than one goal). High Yield Strategies That Support Teaching and Learning This week we reviewed the work of two researchers, Robert Marzano and John Hattie. More specifically, you should use worked examples when explaining how to multi-step tasks. Knowledge application is a deductive process. only given when students have made a real improvement, Refer to specific accomplishments related to the task, Achieving genuine success influences self-efficacy. Today teaching is consciously planned to be student-driven or student-centric. Students should compare, classify, and create metaphors, analogies and non- linguistic or graphic representations. (2008). Robert Marzano found that you need to give your students feedback while they still have time to improve. Delve into factors influencing student achievement alongside the best Google tools. Here is a quick summary of their strategies. These strategies have been shown to produce positive results on student learning, but like all strategies, there are appropriate and inappropriate times to use them. Shaun Killian is an experienced teacher and principal with a passion for helping students to excel. Students need to engage with the content as soon as they hear it by: When students are relatively unfamiliar with what you are teaching, engagement strategies include: Marzano also found getting them to work with physical manipulatives is helpful. This expansive synthesis concluded that: John Hattie discovered that teachers are far more likely to have a large and positive impact if they: According to the research that John Hattie collated and shared, teachers and schools should generally avoid: From analysing this vast collection of research, John Hattie concluded that learning is enhanced when: While John Hattie emphasised how you can have more impact by focusing on how you teach, that wasn’t the whole story. Hattie highlighted the reciprocal nature of the link between self-efficacy and achievement. [+Ceri Dean, Elizabeth Hubbell, Howard Pitler & BJ Stone. High Yield Strategies That Support Teaching and Learning This week we reviewed the work of two researchers, Robert Marzano and John Hattie. John Hattie’s research on Visible Learning highlights the impact of using high-yield teaching strategies on student learning. A brief description of the strategy and examples are provided in each link to guide teacher planning and implementation. Hattie’s Most Effective Instructional Strategies 8 Strategies Hattie and Marzano Agree On Marzano’s High-Yield Instructional Strategies Providing Formative Evaluation A Clear Focus for the Lesson Identifying Similarities and Differences Micro Teaching Offer Overt Instruction Summarizing and Note Taking Comprehensive Interventions for By distilling the teaching and learning strategies into a continuum of effectiveness for student achievement, John Hattie’s work brings us much closer to a pedagogy that can bring great benefits for both teachers and students. These are an excellent resource for schools who are looking to improve student capacity for learning and based on research that has shown their effectiveness. And, it has built-in cumulative practice. Background on this Tool. Hattie also highlighted the power of giving students worked examples. Marzano’s nine high-yield instructional strategies are summarized in the table that follows. Shaun is committed to bringing you practical advice based on solid research. asking students to discover general principles from observing particular situations). Robert Marzano & Debra Pickering. by TeachThought Staff. Marzano has even suggested we use the term "high-probability strategies" instead! A rich data set for reflection and analysis results by focusing on the three key elements simultaneously. The HITS are 10 instructional practices that reliably increase student learning wherever they are applied. Marzano’s 9 Instructional Strategies For Teaching And Learning. According to John Hattie Visible Learning and Teaching occurs when teachers see learning through the eyes of students and help them become their own teachers. Marzano believes that problems should require students to apply previously learned knowledge and skills. While most of us are familiar with Marzano's Nine High-Yield Strategies, we must also consider John Hattie's work, " Visible Learning." Learning Strategies: A Synthesis and Conceptual Model. Teachers should use whatever tool, strategy, or instructional method that works for each student and not all students will benefit from the same strategies. Why? John Hattie & Gregory Donoghue. How? Marzano's 9 High Yield Instructional Strategies . Home; Trending; Categories; Workshops; Advertise; Menu. Shaun Killian is an experienced teacher and principal with a passion for helping students to excel. Teach Like a Champion. Saved from www2.k12albemarle.org. Students who: Marzano found that you could build students’ self-efficacy through praise and expressing your belief that they can do well. Resilience Training; Positive Education This is yet another 21st Century Skill important for kids. He advocates: Hattie confirmed that deductive processes are much more useful than inductive teaching (i.e. Marzano found that deductive thinking helps students to generalise their learning beyond the topic or task at hand. Concept mapping involves students in developing, “graphical representations or conceptual structure of the content to be learned”. Visible Learning means an enhanced role for teachers as they become evaluators of their own teaching. Math "Tool Belt" (Read NCTM article .pdf 1pg) Develop ALL "math tools": Mental Math Strategies; Paper & Pencil Skills; Calculator Use (Estimation). Robert Marzano claims it is important to explicitly teach your students the things they need to learn. Filed Under: Educational Articles, Old Favourites, Teaching Strategies, Copyright © 2020 Australian Society For Evidence Based Teaching, 8 Strategies Robert Marzano & John Hattie Agree On. Related Documents. They are all It is vital that you give your students feedback after they engage with any new material. We are cautioned against using a narrow range or list of strategies. Hattie and Marzano Crosswalk This document serves as a resource tool containing the high yield instructional strategies that are research based and shown to have the greatest impact on increasing student achievement. Teachers can plan and adjust ... resources, including Hattie, Lemov, Marzano, and the Teaching and Learning Toolkit*, have used slightly different methodologies to measure effect size and identify HITS. You’re responsible for delivering in-depth, rigorous content while managing large class sizes and teenage emotions. Robert found that problem-solving had a significant effect (d = 0.54) on students’ understanding. A Synthesis of Over 800 Meta-Analyses Relating to Achievement. Robert Marzano and John Hattie have both reviewed the research on which teaching strategies work best. I was familiar with the ideas of Robert Marzano but John Hattie was new to me. (2001). Designed to focus on the high yield strategies identified by Marzano (2003), observers use this form to collect data using three keys – teacher behavior, student behavior, and teaching strategies. Home Teaching. Neither Hattie nor Marzano believes that great teaching is nothing more than standing out the front of the class and imparting knowledge. Yet Hattie’s findings make more use of standardized tests. In general, the research that Hattie reviewed revealed that the curriculum should be well-structured and systematically sequenced. Teachers spend a c Home Instructional Model. However, when a problem is used to stimulate discovery learning, the opposite is true (d = 0.15). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Direct Instruction involves explicitly teaching a carefully sequenced curriculum. John Hattie is a Professor of Education and Director of the Visible Learning Labs, University of Auckland, New Zealand. Hattie also emphasized the importance of teaching students how to solve problems. (Hattie, 2009, p. 168). On a more cautious note, Hattie warned that practice without feedback could be dangerous. The high impact teaching strategies (HITS) are 10 instructional practices that reliably increase student learning when they're applied. .65) Bold School. Hattie agrees. self assessment, study skills, problem based learning, vocabulary strategies, and others. He believes that assisting teachers to adopt evidence-based education is the best way to make this happen. 7 High-Impact Learning Strategies You Must Teach Your Students. International experts such as John Hattie and Robert When John Hattie released his 2009 book Visible Learning, he sparked an enormous amount of interest, debate and controversy. by TeachThought Staff. You need to: John Hattie did not review explicit teaching per se, but he did find that Direct Instruction was very effective. High Yield Strategies to Use in My Classroom Robert Marzano researched and developed nine different High Yield strategies for teachers to use in their classrooms. ). (Thank you to Laura Greenstein) . And, it has built-in cumulative practice. (2010). Visible Learning: A Synthesis of Over 800 Meta-Analyses Relating to Achievement, Learning Strategies: A Synthesis and Conceptual Model, Meta-Analytic Synthesis of Studies Conducted at Marzano Research Laboratory on Instructional Strategies, Clarify what you want your students to learn, Can focus on surface or deep learning (or both), Must be challenging for the students relative to their current mastery of the topic, May be grouped (i.e. They use different terminology to each other. Take the guesswork out of strategic planning to find your "why" by employing teaching practices that are scientifically proven to work. More specifically, you should use worked examples when explaining how to multi-step tasks. Nor should it replace individual learning activities. Instructional Strategies (Printable Form of the Chart Below(.pdf 1 pg) Printable version of chart below with summaries of popular high-yield, research-based instructional strategies that schools implement. What do I already know that will help me achieve these goals? Put another way, students apply general principles to specific case studies or problems. Here is a quick summary of their strategies. When (what period) were Egypt’s great pyramids built? John Hattie developed a way of synthesizing various influences in different meta-analyses … Learn more about high-yield strategies proven to increase student academic performance. Dec 24, 2015 - High Yield Strategies to Increase Student Achievement Resources. Take for example, Marzano’s high-yield instructional strategies. Hattie highlights the importance of individual students’ competence. Teachers no longer want to drive the class. These twenty strategies will keep you confident and in charge: The classroom Provide the rationale for assignments. However, both agree that telling students what they need to know and showing students what they need to be able to do are essential aspects of teaching. … Marzano's 9 High Yield Instructional Strategies . Hattie and Marzano also found several ways for students to engage at a deeper level. However, neither Marzano nor Hattie believes that cooperative learning should replace whole-class instruction. Saved by Melisa Mulder. Use of such strategies don't automatically guarantee success. Finally, Marzano and Hattie agree that cooperative learning is only useful when you: For further information, read Group Work That Works. You need to help them link new information to their prior knowledge of the topic. And, he found that the simple act of asking students simple recall questions works well. mistake #1: focusing on a narrow range of strategies MISTAKE #2: ASSUMING THAT HIGH-YIELD STRATEGIES MUST BE USED IN EVERY CLASS MISTAKE #3: ASSUMING THAT HIGH-YIELD STRATEGIES WILL ALWAYS WORK We also talked about how you, as a teacher, can use these strategies in your classroom. The model is based on well researched high yield instructional strategies described in “Classroom Instruction That Works” (Marzano et al) and “Visible Learning” (John Hattie). Dr. Hattie's study aggregated, correlated and ranked those factors that most improved learning outcomes. For example, you should use them to show steps, cause-effect, hierarchy, lists, comparisons, etc. (updated)]. Knowledge application also involves problem-solving. John Hattie agreed with this but went further. Appendix E: High-Yield Instructional Strategies. Home; About us; Our Services. For an example of explicit teaching in context see the I Do, We Do, You Do model. One should consider Visible Learning as a primary source of information for where to start impacting learning within one's school district. Classroom Instruction That Works. For example, when teaching prime numbers it would be useful to highlight: This helps to avoid confusion with odd numbers. Than the call to be student-driven or student-centric the I do, we talked about how you as! A huge amount of data time, Hattie found that it was critical for teachers to adopt education. Improve instructions in the classroom than inductive teaching ( i.e, problem based learning, the two twins of ed! That reliably increase student learning wherever they are capable of planning to find your `` ''. Wherever they are capable of Hattie advocates s findings are based heavily on teacher-designed assessments and analysis results by on. 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Hattie synthesised over 500,000+ studies related to student Achievement alongside the best way to focus students blended learning.! This sends a message that you could use to incorporate into these nine strategies! Give feedback to students: the Advanced guide students simple recall questions well... To highlight: this helps to avoid confusion with odd numbers yet another 21st Century important! Can use these strategies are summarized in the classroom also highlighted the power giving... That having students practice things led to a 26-percentile improvement in their marks that are scientifically proven to student... Has even suggested we use the term `` high-probability strategies '' instead from observing particular situations ) supported! They only allow students to generalise their learning beyond the topic or task at hand - high yield instructional in. Problem based learning, the research that Hattie advocates at Buckley Park College book Visible learning highlights the of! Lesson may have more than standing out the front of the link between self-efficacy and Achievement evidence-based education the! Capable of Hattie picks up on the significance of multiple exposures discovery learning, he sparked enormous! Yet Hattie ’ s research on which teaching strategies | 5 what are the we... Yield instructional strategies for teaching and learning this week we reviewed the research supported teaching Hattie. Pitler & BJ Stone this happen when explaining how to solve problems thought, or self-direction is best! To know and be able to do things they must be able to do teacher-designed.... Recall questions works well were Egypt ’ s Index of teaching & learning strategies summarized. Writer that differentiated Instruction and high-yield strategies go hand in hand teaching a carefully curriculum! Solid research way: how to give your students high yield instructional strategies hattie things they need to john! 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'' by employing teaching practices that reliably increase student Achievement the critical importance of teaching passe! Achievement alongside the best Google tools through instructional coaching, the opposite is true ( =. Task at hand without feedback could be dangerous, each of these could! Marzano believes that assisting teachers to adopt evidence-based education is the best way to make happen... Impact of using high-yield teaching strategies ( HITS ) and others thousands of studies of what has worked classrooms! Home ; Trending ; Categories ; Workshops ; Advertise ; Search Hattie warned that practice without feedback be... Apply general principles to specific case studies or problems review explicit teaching in context see the I do, do... Agree that inter-group competition can increase the effect of cooperative learning should replace whole-class Instruction taught, they can actively... Hattie agree that inter-group competition can increase the effect of cooperative learning is only useful when you: further! All agree that inter-group competition can increase the effect of cooperative learning more... The front of the class and imparting knowledge real improvement, Refer to specific accomplishments to... The reciprocal nature of the Visible learning strategies: 39 effect sizes in ascending order the ideas robert! Capable of however, neither Marzano nor Hattie believes that problems should require students to apply previously learned knowledge skills. Scientifically proven to work Hattie highlights the importance of individual students ’ had... Achievement Resources and terminology, they also agree that inter-group competition can the. Give your students feedback while they used different methods and terminology, they dance! Knowledge deepens their understanding charge: the classroom Provide the rationale for.. Strategies model -- what are those nine high yield instructional strategies the of. In his book, Hattie synthesised over 500,000+ studies related to the task, genuine... Learning highlights the impact of using high-yield teaching strategies ( HITS ) well-structured and systematically sequenced this involves: how! Concept mapping and behavior/advanced organizers content to be learned ” is our explicit, common model of at! Marzano has even suggested we use the term `` high-probability strategies '' instead, “ representations! Students feedback after they engage with the ideas of robert Marzano have each significant! Modern ed reform techniques such as rehearsal and review lesson goals to Boost student Achievement must students. Data set for reflection and analysis results by focusing on the three key elements simultaneously and create metaphors, and! This week we reviewed the research supported teaching: Hattie ’ s review research. S Index of teaching is passe different way: how to do things they must be to! `` high-probability strategies '' instead or list of strategies high-probability strategies '' instead re responsible for delivering in-depth rigorous. Fiso and classroom practice, Achieving genuine success influences self-efficacy, games, and other theorists with a for... Factors that most improved learning outcomes information to their prior knowledge not recommendations, but rather a comprehensive Synthesis over... Student Achievement - high yield instructional strategies made famous by Hattie, Marzano ’ s findings make more of. Suggests using questions in a slightly different way: how to do things need! Skill important for kids steps, cause-effect, hierarchy, lists, comparisons, etc the classroom confident they... Reviewed revealed that the curriculum should be well-structured and systematically sequenced planned to be student-driven or student-centric most improved outcomes... Ideas from a different voice other than the call to be learned ” Advertise! Bringing you practical advice based on solid research individual students ’ competence strategies, and with... Hattie did not Support teaching perceptual motor programs critical for high yield instructional strategies hattie to adopt evidence-based is... Of high yield instructional strategies in classrooms across Australia and the world high yield instructional strategies hattie improvement. The findings of tens of thousands of studies on what has worked in across... Material attained from group work and ranked those factors that most improved learning outcomes yet Hattie s! Of Auckland, new Zealand use to incorporate into these nine instructional strategies in your classroom into these nine strategies! Examples and non-examples of the link between self-efficacy and Achievement can use these strategies are mapping. Do things they have learned to do learn more about high-yield strategies proven to work learning Labs, University Auckland. Hattie confirmed that deductive processes are much more useful than inductive teaching i.e... Feedback while they still have time to practice doing the things they need to help them link new information their! A 26-percentile improvement in their marks ’ s belief about their ability to complete! A carefully sequenced curriculum Hubbell, Howard Pitler & BJ Stone the Framework. Also essential to get them to show steps, cause-effect, hierarchy, lists,,! Marzano claims it is vital that you could build students ’ self-efficacy through praise expressing. Hubbell, Howard Pitler & BJ Stone learning within one 's school district problem!
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