and Af. These silkworms feed on the selected food plants and spin cocoons as a protective shell to perpetuate the life. Mulberry Silk Cocoons Ask Price The silkworm is the larva or caterpillar or imago of the domestic silkmoth, Bombyx mori (Latin: silkworm of the mulberry tree). HDB Traders - Wholesaler of Muga Cocoon, Muga Silk Coocon & Cocoon from Dibrugarh, Assam, India 1 0 obj Normally, silk from this worm is reserved for royal families. Muga silk worm is multivoltine and 5-6 crops are raised in a year out of which two commercial crops (Jethua: May- June and katia: October- November), two pre-seed crops (Jarua: December- January and Aherua: June- July) and two seed crops (Chotua: February- March and Bhodia: July- August. endobj The muga cocoon has a very weak peduncle and is golden yellow. They are collected by the keepers and placed on another tree. <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 594.96 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Copyright © 2020 Assams.Info. Rearing of muga moth • The. Statistical analysis was done using analysis of variance (ANOVA); critical difference of the treatment signifi cance was calculated at P < 0.05. For more information about Muga Silk and other amazing topics, keep reading Assam Information Portal. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. No need to register, buy now! For reference or bookmark, you can use this link. Please contact in mail id vafabricplus@gmail.com for more information about Muga silk & related business. • The length of continuous silk filament ranges from 350-450 metres with 4 to 5 breaks. Results are means of three experiments each. Seed bed preparation. %PDF-1.5 CHAKRABORT K. Y Regional Muga Research Station, Central Silk Board, Mirza, Assam-781 125, India (Received 20 February 1986 revised; 22 May 1986) Abstract—Heterosis in Antheraea assama Westwood in respect of oviposition is observed over mid-parental value only in respect of four crosses viz. The silk produced is known for its glossy, fine texture and durability. Muga silk is the product of the silkworm Antheraea assamensis endemic to Assam. Comparative thermal analysis of Eri, Mori, Muga, and Tussar silk cocoons and fibroin fibers . endobj The Original Assam Information Portal, Since 2007. This area has identified as seed zone by Central Silk Board. Muga silkworm rear in out door on tree. al. Life cycle of Muga silkworm (Antheraea assama Ww) Muga silkworm is a holometabolous insect passing through complete metamorphosis from egg to adult. we would like to know more about the business oppurtunities of muga in northeast as we will soon be in this business. of muga silk. Muga silkworm (Antheraea assamensis Helfer) is endemic to Assam and adjoining areas in North-Eastern India, and naturally produces golden silk. of muga silk. Antheraea assamensis, known as the muga silkworm as a larva and Assam silk moth as an adult, is a moth of the family Saturniidae.The species was first described by T. W. Helfer in 1837. Chemically speaking Muga, is made of proteins secreted in the fluid state by a caterpillar, popularly known as silkworm. All Rights Reserved. When ready to spin their cocoons, these caterpillars once again exit the tree where they were feeding. Muga silkworm, Antheraea assamensis Helfer, generally reared outdoor on standing host trees for which it is always under pressure of vagaries of weather conditions causing substantial loss. Moreover, presence of one and half litter in rectum of matured worms is considered as healthy sign. 2000). Where can i get Muga Silk sample.? This behavior allows the keepers to collect and control the caterpillars. Find here Silkworm Cocoons wholesaler & Wholesale Dealers in India. Seeds of selected healthy plants ensure production of healthy seedlings. A couple, by name Pankaj and Konika Rabha hav put a ingenious fight and safegauarded the silkworm(Antheraea Assama) against weather conditions. The larvae of these moths feed on som (Machilus bombycina) and sualu (Litsaea polyantha) leaves. Get contact details & address of companies engaged in wholesale trade, manufacturing and supplying Silkworm Cocoons across India. One tree can be utilized for two rearing in a year alternately during spring and autumn, thus one full grown tree can yield 1000 cocoons in a year and 5 trees are required to produce 5000 cocoons which yield one kg. This article belongs to Assam section. Muga silkworms are mostly wild unlike the mulberry silkworm, which is completely domesticated. A silk from Assam that shines like Gold! Plough the land up to 30 cm depth and level properly. :) I am doing my M.Phil in Textile and Clothing.. The peduncle (silk that anchors the cocoon) is very weak; the caterpillars prefer a low place with numerous twigs to protect them while in their cocoons. 2 0 obj <> The Muga silkworm is a bit more independent. From time immemorial, many ethnic and tribal groups have produced muga silk. Wholesaler of Muga Cocoon, Muga Silk Coocon, Cocoon, Muga Silkworm Cocoons and Fagara Silk Coocon offered by HDB Traders, Dibrugarh, Assam. MUGA SILKWORM, ANTHERAEA ASSAMA K. THANGAVELU, A. K BHAGOWATi*. Very rich by looks but how can I order for purchase. MUGA Part-II, A Film of Bhabendra Nath Mohan, A Precious and Endangered Breed of World. Attempts were made to rear the silkworm under indoor conditions during different seasons. Native of Assam and named after Assamese word “muga” which indicates the amber brown colour of … The gloss on the thread is inferior. Sericulture:- Sericulture is an agro-based industry, rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk.Food-plant cultivation to feed the silkworms which spin silk cocoons and reeling the cocoons for unwinding the silk filament.. Silkworm caterpillar builds its cocoon by producing & surrounding itself with a long, continuous fibre or filament. Muga is obtained from semi domesticated silk worm called Aantheraea asamenisis. They eat a variety of leaves from trees from the laurel and magnolia family and are usually raised directly on the trees until it’s time for them to make their cocoons. Sericin was extracted from the muga silkworm cocoon using the method of Akiyama et al.25. 4 0 obj The larvae of these moths feed on som (Machilus bombycina) leaves. It is found in South-East Asia. x��=]oG����r X��ϙ�],`'q��x#/8g�-1�H���u��ܿ������v��������������q�:.����cu��^�;��������7��f�7������#����W_.^�����+�`|����آ6�c�M�*xzo|s�,n�xV/n��o�x�n�X�s���/�}m ,���rq�A���x����y����E[�2�����j!ڪm�w���0�yahWi�]�v����E]յh̾��-�Zg�Z�ؘ�0#���U%˰u���B���g�_��R_|���Em�WW�Z|�L2�~Y. stream N x2, W, Y x, N W, x, … 3 0 obj It is found in Assam in northeast India where 99% of its production occurs.. I love your website. Select well drained high land in a shady place. Silk fibre analysis was carried out according to Krishnaswami et al.26. Lava that are ready to cocoon will be noticeable to the human eye, as they will appear translucent and yellowish in colour. One tree can be utilized for two rearing in a year alternately during spring and autumn, thus one full grown tree can yield 1000 cocoons in a year and 5 trees are required to produce 5000 cocoons which yield one kg. Silkworm has four stages in its life cycle viz. Other important factors simultaneously contributing to the success of a muga crop are proper disinfection of rearing field, quality leaf, maintenance of hygiene in rearing field and management of rearing. Man interferes this life cycle at the cocoon stage to obtain the silk a continuous filament of commercial importance used in weaving of the dream fabric. Muga silk is the product of the silkworm Antheraea assamensis endemic to Assam. Hence, quality muga silkworm seed, which plays vital role in productivity, ... [30] while analyzing the muga cocoon productivity in nine locations in Assam, Meghalaya and Arunachal Pradesh, highlighted pronounced effect of altitude, diurnal shift in temperature, variation of humidity and quantum of rainfall and rainy days. we would like to know about the business oppurtunities of muga in northeast. Muga Silkworm The scientific name for the Muga Silkworm is Antheraea Assamensis, and they can be located in Northeast India. %���� <> Post Cocoon Processing • The muga cocoon is compact and leathery in structure. So, i have a thesis to be written based on a comparatrive study for the physical properties of Muga Silk. Kautilya’s Arthashastra, a political literature of the 3rd century BC, makes references to the highly sophisticated silk clothing from Assam. Som (Persea bombycina) and Soalu (Litsaea polyantha Juss) are the two primary food plants of muga silkworm. Muga silkworm is Semi-domesticated and multivoltine in nature having 5 to 6 generations in a year. Both the plants can be propagated through seeds. Muga silk is a variety of wild silk ... Anga, Pundra and then the Kosha-karanam-bhumi ("the country of cocoon rearers"). Muga Silkworm Rearing Technology. Its cocoon has loose texture and silk is not reliable, hence, this is carded and spun. growth and development of muga silkworm in the form of cocoon weight, pupal weight, shell percentage, potential fecundity, reelability and denier of the silk (Chiang, 1985; Yadav and Goswami, 1989; Yadav et. Its life history resembles that of the mulberry worm. The larva feed on Cinnamomum, Laurus, Litsea, Carpinus, Persea, Magnolia, Michelia, Quercus, Sarcostemma and Symplocos. In Boko revenue circle of Assam’s Kamrup district. In this zone production of seed is more difficult because, the seasonal conditions for rearing of seed cocoon production are not conductive. Muga Silk Moths: Muga is produced from cocoons of Antheraea assamensis which is available only in Assam. The Eri silkworm which lives upon castor, is a domesticated form, cultivated in warm damp places. The vibrant Sualkuchi sarees and mekhla-chaddars are the traditional items made from muga silk. MUGA Part-I, A Film of Bhabendra Nath Mohan, Precious and Endangered Breed of the World. Chemically speaking Muga, is made of proteins secreted in the fluid state by a caterpillar, popularly known as silkworm. Silkworm raisers collect the silk unraveling the cocoons. Muga Sulkworm farming is one of the most profitable businesses in the Indian Assam state as the product has a high market value. The silk is called muga, the Assamese word for the rich amber colour of the cocoon. Antheraea assamensis are raised outdoors primarily on two trees – Som (Machilus bombycina) and Soalu (Litsaea Polyantha). • Muga cocoon is golden or light brown in colour, 4-6 cm long and 2-3 cm broad with a rudimentary peduncle without ring. These silkworms feed on the selected food plants and spin cocoons as a protective shell to perpetuate the life. Muga silkworm is one of the economically important wild silkmoths whose genome is among the least understood is unique among saturniid moths. Petrified Horror Novels of Ranju Hazarika. Also in khatalpara village. Lower Assam enjoys a salubrious climate for rearing of muga silkworms throughout the year. Muga silk is a wonderful gift of nature extracted from a species of insect not to be found any where in the world except in the North Eastern region of India. The caterpillars are placed on a tree and when they have stripped the tree of foliage, the caterpillars will make a mass exit down the trunk. make silkworm rearing cost effective and more productive (Hirobe, 1968; Shekharappa et al., 1993). It is an economically important insect, being a primary producer of silk. <>>> commercial zone for muga silk worm rearing. egg, caterpillar, pupa and moth. Muga silkworm can be reared outdoor only; therefore influence of prevailing biotic and abiotic conditions in its development and survivability is prevalent. After 20-33 days of constantly munching away at Mulberry leaves or chow, your Silkworm will feel the urge to cocoon. Further, feeding behaviour of silkworm is a criterion for seed cocoon selection, since feeding of leaves from top to bottom is a sign of healthy worms, they consider3-6. The life cycle lasts for 50 days in summer and max. The Muga Silkworm is cultivated mainly in Assam (North East India), but also in neighbouring Meghalaya, Arunachal, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and part of West-Bengal. The larva of the Muga Silkworm feed of the leaves of a number trees species, most belonging to the family Lauraceous. The most expensive of silks, muga, is intrinsically woven into the cultural traditions of the people of Assam. Find the perfect muga silkworm stock photo. 150 days in winter. The cocoons are boiled in soap and soda solution and are reeled in reeling machine. The muga silkworm rearing is conducted throughout the year (six times / year) on som and soalu plantations. Muga Silk is the pride of Assam. Unlike in mulberry sericulture, the seed is transacted in the form of seed cocoon in muga silk industry which may be the prime factor for the prevalence of pebrine disease in muga silkworm. Each caterpillar is placed into a container made of dried twigs. The silk of the Muga Silkworm has a shiny golden tint, which improves as it ages or as it is washed. The muga cocoon has a very weak peduncle and is golden yellow. endobj Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the performance of muga silkworm growth, development and quality cocoon production which increase fecundity after application of … Quality silkworm seed or (DFL) plays a decisive role in the success of a muga crop and has direct influence on health and growth of the silkworm. The silk produced is known for its glossy fine texture and durability. The cocoons are boiled in soap and soda solution and are reeled in reeling machine. The silkworms are reared out door and as such are exposed to vagaries of nature. 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