In 1664 France's West India Company occupies the western half of Hispaniola (the region now known as Haiti). This was in an attempt to create a predominantly white population and balance out the ratio of black to white. It could also be used to make rum, a strong alcoholic drink. The arrival of the Europeans When the Europeans first colonised the Caribbean islands, the majority of the Carib and Arawak people died from fighting, being used as slaves or new European diseases. It came with the British, French, Dutch and Spanish invaders.... How Did The Africans Come To The Caribbean? The Europeans came to the Caribbean in search of wealth. If You Took A Glass And Filled It With Ice All The Way To The Rim And Then Took The Same Glass And Filled It With Water To The Rim When The Ice Melts Will The Glass Over Flow? Most of the European colonial countries were located on the west coast of Europe… He is the author of White Creole Culture, Politics and Identity during the Age of Abolition (2005) and Mastering the Niger: James MacQueen’s African Geography and the Struggle over Atlantic Slavery (2013). Others ran away from the plantations, and while many were recaptured, others managed to form communities of ‘Maroons’ who continued to resist European rule. See answers (1) This also made the Caribbean colonies valuable – and tempting targets for rival empires. The europeans came in search of land and wealth, Originally the europeans came to find another route to the mainland of china but came across the caribbean instead. Most of the European colonial countries were located on the west coast of Europe… How long does it take for the teeth to come out? David Lambert explores how this system changed the region, and how enslaved people continued to resist colonial rule. Britain and the Caribbean In the 17th and 18th centuries slaves were moved from Africa to the West Indies to work on sugar plantations. Because they did not have a written language, we cannot really know why the indigenous peoples of the Caribbean (like the Taino and the Caribs) migrated from the … They wanted to … When the European started colonizing the Caribbean region beginning in 1492 with Christopher Columbus for Spain, the indigenous population was decimated by disease and war. Why did they come? As the Europeans built up profitable cotton, tobacco and later sugar plantations, over 5 million West African slaves were brought to the Caribbean region as unpaid laborers. Trade between Europe, Africa, and the New World defined the 1500s. On May 10, 1655, an English expedition, commanded by Admiral William Penn and General Robert Venables, landed at the present-day coastal town of Passage Fort, in the southeastern parish of Saint Catherine. When Europeans reached the region a little before 1500, there were different groups of native people in the region. Later in the 17th century Spain loses two large sections of the central Caribbean to her European enemies. Congo is the second-largest rainforest in the world after Amazon. They were brought over unwillingly in slave boats by nations such as Spain,Portugal,great Britain,France... Why Did The Chinese Come To The Caribbean? Europeans came to the Caribbean in search of ways to travel around North America. Sponsored by the Florida Museum of Natural History and emerging from a conference organized by the Virgin Islands Humanities Council, this volume brings together the researchers from three subdisciplines under one cover: archaeology, ethnohistory, and ethnology. While England, Spain and France were the three most powerful European countries settling in America, they were not the only ones. This proclamation set out the terms of 'apprenticeship'. Europeans Explore the World. By the beginning of the 18th century, there were already a large number of free blacks in Trinidad mixed with French immigrants, earlier Spanish settlers, and British nationals (the island came under British control in 1797). Along with a number of colonies in North America, the Caribbean formed the heart of England’s first overseas empire. Europeans came to the Caribbean for various reasons. Because so many people came to the Caribbean as colonists, slaves, or immigrants. ... describe many of their conflicts with Inuits, whom they dubbed as Skraelings. Around the same time, France established colonies in Martinique and Guadeloupe. An important part of this trade was the Atlantic Slave Trade, which saw Europeans trade slaves for goods throughout the New World. Europeans came to the Caribbean in search of ways to travel around North America. However, if you mean where did the ancestors of Caribbean people come from, well they came form Europe … Will You Continue To Love Someone Even If That Person Has No Feelings For You? 1. David Lambert is Professor of Caribbean History at the University of Warwick and former Director of the Yesu Persaud Centre for Caribbean Studies. This expedition, which had failed to capture Hispaniola, proceeded to claim the island of Jamaica for England. After the Caribbean was first colonised by Spain in the 15th century, a system of sugar planting and enslavement evolved. Join now. The Spanish noticed on one island at least that the men and women spoke different languages. Pages 29-36 Lesson 5: The Caribbean in American History Pages 37-41 Lesson 6: European Exploration, the Colonization of the Caribbean and its Long-Lasting Effects Pages 42-61 Lesson 7: Diversity in Caribbean Art Pages 62-66 Lesson 8: Caribbean Folkways through Short Stories Im 14 turning 15 and i want a belly piercing how do i tell my parents i want one? Why did European landowners import hundreds of thousands of enslaved Africans to the Caribbean in the 1600s? European Colonialism in the Caribbean. The Spanish administrative structure that prevailed for the 132 years of Spanish monopoly in … Social studies. If only they had known the devastation that would follow for their people. Why did people oppose the creation of the West India Regiments? Others wanted … 5 points hlittledog69 Asked 01.06.2020. Log in. At first, they lived as hunters, and shot wild pigs with their long-barrelled muskets. Hence, if one sails beyond the horizon they would fall of the earth! Any efforts by European nations to colonise territories or interfere with states in the Americas were thus considered an act of aggression. The Arawak probably came from northern South America, about 5,000 years ago. When Christopher Columbus landed in the Caribbean in 1492, native tribes there believed the visitors were powerful spirits who came from the sky. Instead, the Europeans tried growing different crops to be sold back home. In some places, such as Jamaica, the British were unable to defeat the Maroons and had to reach an agreement with them. Why did the carib and Europeans came to the Caribbean? Britain and France were constantly at war in the 18th century and early 19th century, with places such as Martinique changing hands many times. From Europe, around 5,000 whites went to the Caribbean and 2,000 were from North America. Invented by white people, this was a way of trying to excuse the brutality of slavery. There are competing theories as to what actually were the main push and pull factors that caused the Tainos to migrate from their original homelands in northern South America. A system called ‘Apprenticeship’ was put in place from 1834 to 1838 across most of the Caribbean; this was intended to provide a transition to freedom for the former enslaved people and the planters who relied on their labour. The economic importance of the islands, bringing Spanish, French and British fleets into often close proximity, means that the Caribbean is one of Europe's regular theatres of war. The Europeans came to America to search for freedom. The main source of labor, until the abolition of chattel slavery, was enslaved Africans. What Do I Do If My Boyfriend Dates My 10-year Old Sister And He Is 15? Why did European rulers bring Africans to the Caribbean See answers (1) Ask for details ; Follow Report Log in to add a comment to add a comment In 1492 he made a first landing on Hispaniola and claimed it for the Spanish crown as he did on Cuba. European Colonialism in the Caribbean. The Spanish had originally looked for gold and silver, but there was little to be found. Please consider the environment before printing, All text is © British Library and is available under Creative Commons Attribution Licence except where otherwise stated. Columbus claimed many of the Caribbean islands for Spain. Although Jamaica was discovered in 1494, the first set of Spanish settlers came to Jamaica in 1509. The Europeans came to the Caribbean in search of wealth. I have a group presentation expanding profoundly on how national rivalry in particular motivated the Europeans to settle in the Caribbean. It is said that Christopher Columbus decided to challenge this myth and left Europe for adventure and in search of gold. This did not sit well with the whites and so, more whites were brought into the Caribbean. In the 1700s, sugar became a mass market commodity in Europe, a staple of the middle class diet and eventually for the working classes too. At the time, Europeans did not realise that this was a completely new part of the world that we now call the Americas. About 75% of these were under the age of 25. By the middle of the 18th century, British Jamaica and French Saint-Domingue (now Haiti) had become the largest slave societies of the region for enslaved Africans. Columbus’s discovery brought new opportunity for Europeans.Some settlers came looking for gold and wealth; others came hoping for religious freedom. No. This is a map published in 1796 of the Caribbean region. In part, this is due to geography. Sugarcane could be used to make various products. There was sugar, of course, which went well with tea, coffee and chocolate. Pages 29-36 Lesson 5: The Caribbean in American History Pages 37-41 Lesson 6: European Exploration, the Colonization of the Caribbean and its Long-Lasting Effects Pages 42-61 Lesson 7: Diversity in Caribbean Art Pages 62-66 Lesson 8: Caribbean Folkways through Short Stories Others wanted fame, possibly for discovering new land for their home country to conquer. The Spanish were not the only Europeans to take advantage of colonial expansion in the Caribbean: the English, French, Dutch, and other Europeans followed. Many times men went in search of riches, such as gold and other things of value. Edwards described of the different groups of people to be found in Caribbean societies. The real pirates of the Caribbean. Incorporated as a not-for-profit foundation in 1971, and headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the Forum is tied to no political, partisan or national interests. Sugar, slaves and shipping: 17th … The text in this article is available under the Creative Commons License. Join now. Such factors are : religion, wind currents, national rivalry etc. Early European possessions in what are now referred to as the North and South American continents included Spanish Florida, Spanish New Mexico, Spanish Mesoamerica, Spanish Caribbean, the English colonies of Virginia (with its North Atlantic offshoot, Bermuda) and New England, the French colonies of Acadia, Canada, and Haiti, the Swedish colony of New Sweden, and the Dutch New Netherland. Moreover, the Caribbean Region is one of the main drug routes from Central America to Europe due to the long unpatrolled coastlines and the weakness of their control capacity (UNODC, 2008). As planters became more reliant on enslaved workers, the populations of the Caribbean colonies changed, so that people born in Africa, or their descendants, came to form the majority. History. During the African slave trade that began in the early 1600's, foods from West Africa came to the Caribbean Islands, including okra, pigeon peas, plantains, callaloo, taro, breadfruit and ackee. Africans were forcibly brought to British owned colonies in the Caribbean and sold as slaves to work on plantations. Indeed, complicated ways of categorising race emerged in the Caribbean colonies that placed ‘white’ people at the top, ‘black’ people at the bottom and different ‘mixed’ groups in between. Second, the question asks why the Spaniards, rather than some other country, came to the Caribbean. Why not take a few moments to tell us what you think of our website? There were a number of factors that motivated and influenced the Europeans to explore and settle in the Caribbean. The new interest in the world came in part from the Renaissance, but the main reason was to set up new trading links with spice-producing lands in Asia. Why is there such great variety of ethnic groups on the Caribbean islands? The Spanish were not the only Europeans to take advantage of colonial expansion in the Caribbean: the English, French, Dutch, and other Europeans followed. Those who arrived from all over Europe had typically lived in poverty in their home countries or were removing themselves from crisis situations. Haiti (known then as St. Domingue), Jamaica, Barbados, and the Dutch Guianas were particularly prone to slave revolts, averaging one major revolt every two years between 1731 and 1832. Spain established towns, missions and military installations throughout the south Atlantic coast, Mexico and Caribbean islands. Spain is geographically well-positioned to be a maritime country. 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