The ships were built despite rumors of the capabilities of the revolutionary HMS Dreadnought then under construction. Lützow took part in the Battle of the Barents Sea in December 1942, a failed attempt to destroy a convoy. Schleswig-Holstein was attacked by RAF bombers in December 1944, and although she was sunk in shallow water, her weapons could still be used. The Reichsmarine had decided that the new ships would be armed with two triple turrets mounting 28 cm guns. Deutschland had a 18 mm (0.71 in) thick upper deck and a main armored deck that ranged in thickness from 18–40 mm. Admiral Scheer remained in port for periodic maintenance. [12] Schleswig-Holstein was ordered from the Germaniawerft dockyard under the contract name "Q." The three designs prepared in 1925—"II/30", "IV/30", and "V/30"—were armed with six 30 cm (12 in) guns with varying levels of armor protection. [15] The five ships were in Norway for the annual fleet visit in July 1914. [3], The Reichsmarine held a conference to evaluate the designs in May 1925, though the results were inconclusive. Home; Books; Search; Support. [7] The question over whether to build the new ships was a major issue in elections, particularly with the Social Democrats, who strongly opposed the new ships and campaigned with the slogan "Food not Panzerkreuzer. Deutschland and Admiral Scheer had clipper bows installed in 1940–1941; their overall length was increased to 187.90 m (616 ft 6 in). Built between 1903 and 1908, the ships closely resembled those of the preceding Braunschweig class, though they had stronger armor protection. The armored deck in Deutschland and Admiral Scheer did not extend over the entire width of the ship due to weight; this matter was rectified in Admiral Graf Spee. Machinery comprised of twelve marine-type boilers powering three triple expansion steam engines, which turned three shafts attached to two three-bladed 4.8 m… [39], Admiral Scheer saw heavy service with the German Navy, including several deployments to Spain during the Spanish Civil War, to participate in non-intervention patrols. This provided a maximum range of 4,800 nautical miles (8,900 km; 5,500 mi) at a cruising speed of 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph). [8], Admiral Scheer and Admiral Graf Spee had some improvements in armor thickness. Throughout the battle, Schleswig-Holstein provided artillery support. They were the first major warships to use welding and all-diesel propulsion. [4], Deutschland and her sisters were equipped with three-shaft triple expansion steam engines. Deutschland-class Battleship : 4" 0.75" SMS Schleswig-Holstein was the last of the five Deutschland-class battleships built by the German Kaiserliche Marine. The second flagship had an additional 13 officers and 59 sailors. They were followed by the Nassau-class battleships, Germany's first dreadnought battleships. [35] Sunk in the Kaiserfahrt in April 1945 by Royal Air Force (RAF) bombers,[36] Lützow was used as a gun battery to support German troops fighting the Soviet Army until 4 May 1945, when she was disabled by her crew. The Deutschland-class heavy cruiser comprised three ships; Deutschland, Admiral Scheer and Admiral Graf Spee - although the Deutschland was later renamed Lutzow. [8] The ship was launched on 19 May 1931; at her launching, she was christened by German Chancellor Heinrich Brüning. In October 1925, Hannover was moved to the North Sea station. [15] The ships were also equipped with eight 53.3 cm (21.0 in) torpedo tubes placed in two quadruple launchers mounted on their stern. RM Admiral Graf Spee in 1936. During the operation Schlesien remained in her training ship role, though she briefly acted as an icebreaker for U-boats. Ordered by the Weimar government for the Reichsmarine , she was laid down at the Deutsche Werke shipyard in Kiel in February 1929 and completed by April 1933. [6] Deutschland's engines were rated at 16,000 ihp (12,000 kW), while the other four ships' engines were rated at 17,000 ihp (13,000 kW). Once the II Battle Squadron was complete, the fleet was reorganized as the Hochseeflotte (High Seas Fleet). The ship was partially broken up in situ, though part of the ship remains visible above the surface of the water. [28] Schlesien was made the flagship of the battleship squadron in January 1933. Admiral Graf Spee sank nine vessels in the South Atlantic before she was confronted by three British cruisers at the Battle of the River Plate. Episode 12 of Know Your Ship! Overview of 5 vessels Citations for this data available on individual ship pages: The torpedo detonated an ammunition magazine and destroyed the ship, killing all hands on board. Both ships were broken up in situ after the war. While off Spain, she bombarded the port of Almería following the Republican attack on her sister Deutschland. 1922. pp. [41] During the raiding mission, she sank 113,223 gross register tons (GRT) of shipping,[42] making her the most successful capital ship surface raider of the war. [1] To replace the battleships, new vessels were to displace at most 10,000 long tons (10,000 t); Germany's potential rivals were at this time limited to building vessels of 35,000 long tons (36,000 t) by the Washington Naval Treaty and subsequent agreements. [23] Deutschland was instead scrapped in 1922. She also represented Germany during the Coronation Review for King George VI in May 1937. How-To Tutorials; Suggestions; Machine Translation Editions; Noahs Archive Project; About Us. The engines were rated at 54,000 metric horsepower (53,261.3 shp; 39,716.9 kW) and a top speed of 26 knots (48 km/h; 30 mph). [17], The five ships participated in the Battle of Jutland on 31 May – 1 June 1916 under the command of Admiral von Mauve. [49], Admiral Graf Spee operated in concert with the supply ship Altmark. [19] In the darkness, the Germans had difficulty making out their targets and failed to score any hits; the British, however, managed to hit three of the Deutschlands. Despite their obsolescence, all five of these ships were present at the Battle of Jutland on 31 May – 1 June 1916. [31][lower-alpha 6], Schleswig-Holstein after 1936 and her reconstruction to a training ship, In August 1939, Schleswig-Holstein conducted what was purported to be a ceremonial tour of the Baltic to commemorate the sinking of the light cruiser SMS Magdeburg in August 1914. Deutschland's engines reached 48,390 PS (47,730 shp; 35,590 kW) and 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph), and Admiral Scheer's engines reached 52,050 PS (51,340 shp; 38,280 kW) and 28.3 knots (52.4 km/h; 32.6 mph). Already at the beginning of the First World War, the ship was outdated, but survived this and was one of the few ships that were left after the surrender of the Weimar Republic. While on the operation, she also made a brief foray into the Indian Ocean. By this time, only Schlesien and Schleswig-Holstein were still operating as warships; the four Braunschweig-class ships had been disposed of or converted into auxiliary ships. Battleship Deutschland-class: Hot kits. The ships of the class, Deutschland, Admiral Scheer and Admiral Graf Spee, were all stated to displace 10,000 long tons (10,000 t) in accordance with the Treaty, though they actually displaced 10,600 to 12,340 long tons (10,770 to 12,540 t) at standard displacement. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, http://books.google.com/books?id=V2r_TBjR2TYC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.com/books?id=bJBMBvyQ83EC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.com/books?id=geQ6-XpW5fEC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.com/books?id=-EfYyhrtOq8C&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.com/books?id=9WGAexVXyHwC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.com/books?id=CzOsAAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.com/books?id=z-3w7JSYHD4C&printsec=frontcover, http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNGER_11-40_skc04.htm, http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNGER_675-40_skc04.htm, http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNGER_88mm-35_skc00.htm, List of ships of the Imperial German Navy, German naval ship classes of World War II, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Deutschland-class_battleship?oldid=2830179, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 4,800 nautical miles (8,900 km; 5,500 mi); 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). [33], Schleswig-Holstein and Schlesien then participated in the occupation of Denmark and invasion of Norway, respectively, in April 1940. The Reichsmarine eventually opted for 28 cm (11 in) guns to avoid provoking the Allies and to ease pressures on the design staff. [3] Deutschland replaced Kaiser Wilhelm II as the flagship of the fleet. At a higher speed of 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph), the range fell to 10,000 nmi (19,000 km; 12,000 mi). The four subsequent ships had a somewhat different boiler arrangement and slightly thicker armor compared to the Braunschweig-class ships. Gardiner, Robert; Chesneau, Roger, eds (1980). She was eventually broken up in 1944–1946. Nevertheless, the design staff prepared another set of designs, "I/35", a heavily armored ship with a single triple turret forward, and "VIII/30", a more lightly-armored ship with a pair of twin turrets. [7] The initial design for Deutschland, ordered as "Panzerschiff A", was prepared in 1926 and finalized by 1928. 2018 | New tool + Actions Stash. The center screw had four blades and was 4.5 m (4.92 yd) in diameter. Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin. The threat of war forced the cruise to be cut short, and all of the ships were back in German ports by the end of the month. [8], The Deutschland-class ships were equipped with four sets of 9-cylinder, double-acting, two-stroke diesel engines built by MAN. "German Naval Notes". [11], The ships' hulls were constructed with transverse steel frames; over 90 percent of the hulls used welding instead of the then standard riveting, which saved 15 percent of their total hull weight. The two outer propellers were three-bladed, and 4.8 m (5.24 yd) in diameter. Deutschland Class Battleship. Admiral Graf Spee stored 2,500 t (2,500 long tons) of fuel, which enabled a range of 8,900 nmi (16,500 km; 10,200 mi). Germany completed five Deutschland Class Battleships between 1906 and 1908. They were similar to the preceding Braunschweig-class ships—Deutschland was nearly identical, though the design was modified slightly after the lead ship was laid down. In addition to two sketches prepared in 1923, this totaled five different designs. Schlesien and Schleswig-Holstein were the only two vessels of the class to see continued front-line service in the Reichsmarine and later the Kriegsmarine. An increase in speed by one knot reduced the range slightly to 16,600 nmi (30,700 km; 19,100 mi). Media in category "Deutschland class battleship" The following 6 files are in this category, out of 6 total. Deutschland-class cruiser and German battleship Scharnhorst are connected through 15 cm SK C/28, 10.5 cm FlaK 38, Kriegsmarinewerft Wilhelmshaven and more.. These were replaced in 1935 with six 8.8 cm SK C/31 guns in twin mounts. C/01 model, which allowed elevation to 30° and depression to −5°. Each gun was supplied with 130 armor-piercing shells, and fired at a rate of approximately 5 per minute. [8], Deutschland could carry up to 2,750 t (2,710 long tons) of fuel oil, which provided a maximum range of 17,400 nautical miles (32,200 km; 20,000 mi) at a speed of 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph). [33], In mid-1944, Schlesien's and Schleswig-Holstein's anti-aircraft armament was considerably strengthened to allow them to be used as an air defense ships in the port of Gotenhafen. The ships' full load displacements were significantly higher, at 14,290 long tons (14,520 t) for Deutschland, 13,660 long tons (13,880 t) for Admiral Scheer, and 16,020 long tons (16,280 t) for Admiral Graf Spee. The Deutschland-class ships were initially classified as Panzerschiffe but the Kriegsmarine reclassified them as heavy cruisers in February 1940. The four subsequent ships had a somewhat different boiler arrangement and slightly thicker armor compared to the Braunschweig-class ships. The Deutschland(later renamed Lutzow) and her sisters Admiral Scheerand Admiral Graf Speeare an interesting class of ships. [14] In 1913, Deutschland was replaced as fleet flagship by the new dreadnought Friedrich der Grosse. Admiral Scheer had the belt somewhat improved, and Admiral Graf Spee had a much more improved 100 mm belt, instead of 50–80 mm. [2] Between September and December 1939, the ship sank nine ships totaling 50,089 GRT;[48] in response, the British and French navies formed several hunter-killer groups to track her down. They were similar to the preceding Braunschweig-class ships—Deutschland was nearly identical, though the design was modified slightly after the lead ship was laid down. Actually, they are equivalent to armoured cruisers of an exceptionally powerful type. Their forward conning towers were protected by 300 mm (12 in) on the sides, while the rear conning towers had 140 mm (5.5 in) worth of armor. [3], Schlesien transiting the Panama Canal in 1938, Following the German defeat in World War I, three of the Deutschland-class battleships were allowed to be retained in the German Navy, which was reorganized as the Reichsmarine: Hannover, Schleswig-Holstein and Schlesien, along with several of the Braunschweig-class battleships. [19] Due to their heavy armament of six 28 cm (11 in) guns, high speed and long cruising range, the class was more capable of high seas operation than the old pre-dreadnought battleships they replaced;[20] for this reason, they were referred to as "pocket battleships", particularly in the British press. [51] Convinced by false reports of superior British naval forces approaching his ship and the poor state of his own engines, Hans Langsdorff, the commander of the ship, ordered the vessel to be scuttled. [28] She was completed slightly over a year and a half later on 6 January 1936, the day she was commissioned into the German fleet. [2], The three Deutschland-class ships varied slightly in dimensions. They were supplied with 140 shells each. In doing so, this would effectively abrogate the clauses in the Treaty of Versailles that limited Germany's naval power. Jun 9, 2018 - DKM Admiral Scheer Deutschland-class "pocket" battleship (panzerschiffe) eds. [18] Towards the end of the fleet battle on the evening of 31 May, the five Deutschland-class ships came to the aid of the mauled battlecruisers of the I Scouting Group. [38] The historian Hans Georg Prager examined the former Soviet archives in the early 2000s, and discovered that Lützow actually had been sunk in weapons tests in July 1947. [26], In 1932, Schleswig-Holstein was re-boilered and converted into a cadet training ship. On 3 May she struck a mine outside Swinemünde; the following day she was scuttled by her crew in shallow water. At maximum elevation, the guns could hit targets out to 18,830 m (20,590 yd). She was part of the abortive attack on Convoy PQ 17 with the battleship Tirpitz; the operation was broken off after surprise was lost. She ran aground during a planned attack on convoy PQ 17, which necessitated another return to Germany for repairs. First World War Naval warfare including the Battles of Jutland, Coronel and the Falklands, the scuttling at Scapa Flow and warships sunk. Deutschland had a beam of 20.69 m (67 ft 11 in), Admiral Scheer's beam was 21.34 m (70 ft 0 in), while Admiral Graf Spee's was 21.65 m (71 ft 0 in). [35], See also: List of ships of the Imperial German Navy. [27][52], Large cruiser or "cruiser killer" designs, German naval ship classes of World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Deutschland-class_cruiser&oldid=1007111543, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 10,000 nmi (19,000 km; 12,000 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph), This page was last edited on 16 February 2021, at 14:46. 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