PICO is required for creating clinical questions in evidence-based research in nursing. But also, it demands to refer to lots of practical examples or even your own practical experience to be relevant – it’s about people’s health, after all. 1 PICO stands for: Without a well-focused question, it can be very difficult and time consuming to identify appropriate resources and search for relevant evidence. It eliminates the potential to assume various inappropriate and including it in the research as it is likely to skew the results to the extent of making them dysfunctional. The PICO method will help you do this. There are plenty of good nursing research topics out there, and plenty of them are about adult nursing. Intervention/Therapy: Questions addressing the treatment of an illness or disability. PICO is a useful tool for asking focused clinical questions. See below for definitions, PICO templates, and example questions from the primary clinical domains: intervention, diagnosis, etiology, prevention, prognosis/prediction, quality of life/meaning, and therapy. So I would leave these terms for last. Intervention: In African-American female adolescents with hepatitis B (P), how does acetaminophen (I) compared to ibuprofen (C) affect liver function (O)? The PICOT format is utilized by nurses to formulate these types of questions. The picot question in this discussion question will be the question for the paper. More information on formulating PICO questions. These are the beginnings of not only developing an answerable EBP question, but also using the PICO process for developing well-built searchable and answerable clinical questions. In addition, many qualified nurses are returning to university to do their dissertation and complete their degree (Aveyard, 2014). PICOT Question Examples. breathing OR mouth to mouth OR conventional OR traditional. Find help in writing essays, research papers, term papers, reports, movie reviews, annotated bibliographies, speeches/presentations, projects, presentations, dissertation services, theses, research proposals, essay editing, proofreading, Book reviews, article reviews, formatting, personal statements, admission essays, scholarship essays, application papers, among others. (Note, you can do this in reverse order if that works for you.). Now that we've clarified what we want to know, it will be much easier to find an answer. Use PICO to generate terms - these you'll use in your literature search for the current best evidence. It is a mnemonic used to describe the four elements of a sound clinical foreground question. We know that most schools will encourage you to start your research by writing the PICO question. Population: Bariatric adolescents considering or undergoing gastric bypass surgery. Meaning: Questions addressing how one experiences a phenomenon. Hold your horses. 35 Tips to Choose Your Nursing Research Paper Topics. 2) In patients who have experienced an acute myocardial infarction (P), how does being a smoker (I) compared to a non-smoker (C) influence death and infarction rates (O) during the first 5 years after the myocardial infarction (T)? These questions bring together multiple concepts related to a specific clinical situation or research topic. For ________ (P) does the use of ______ (I) reduce the future risk of ________ (O) compared with _________ (C)? We guarantee high quality, original, and unique papers, All papers are delivered far before the specified deadline, We have a balance of good prices and good quality custom writing, Money-back guarantee is very effective in our company, Your choice of 12-point Arial or Times New Roman font, Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard), Variety of Disciplines, Topics and Deadlines, We write urgent papers (6 hrs and 8 hours), Your research papers are written from scratch, Over 350 professional writers most of whom are the US, Canada and UK university graduates, Own plagiarism detection system and a QA team. Since most students do not take their time to analyze what a Picot question entails, they often find themselves having difficulties in answering the research questions. It might turn out that I don't need to use them as my other terms from the I, C, or O of PICO might be enough. P -  our question above doesn't address a specific problem other than the assumption of a person who is not breathing. Are (is) _________ (I) more accurate in diagnosing ________ (P) compared with ______ (C) for _______ (O)? O - Again, we need to ask, what do we mean by 'effective'? Many people find that it helps them clarify their question, which in turn makes it easier to find an answer. Slightly different versions of this concept are used to search for quantitative and qualitative reviews, examples are given below. PICOT Questions for nursing research. PICOT is an acronym to help you formulate a clinical question and guide your search for evidence. We have an efficient customer service that work 24/7 to assist you. Before giving PICOT Question Examples, first is to define what is a PICOT question. Comparison: The nurse's role as a secondary member of the multidisciplinary team without any specialized training and is only involved … In such papers, you need to design your clinical questions in accordance with the PICO framework. Etiology: Are 30- to 50-year-old women (P) who have high blood pressure (I) compared with those without high blood pressure (C) at increased risk for an acute myocardial infarction (O) during the first year after hysterectomy (T)? New York: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. I--Intervention A good PICO will investigate something new in terms of diagnosis, etiology, therapy, harm, etc. It stands for: P – Patient/population/problem. An advantage with ordering from us is that we can customize the PICO question for nursing according to research. Often we start with a vague question such as, "How effective is CPR, really?" Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare. The type of question helps to determine the resource to access to answer the question. Diagnosis: Questions addressing the act or process of identifying or determining the nature and cause of a disease or injury through evaluation. Are (is) _________ (I) more accurate in diagnosing ________ (P) compared with ______ (C) for _______ (O)? PICOT Questions for Nursing Research Forming research material and questions for the Nursing teams is one of the most critical parts of the evaluations being carried out. Using this format can help you find the best evidence available in a quicker, more efficient manner. It stands for: P--Patient/Problem I--Intervention C--Comparison O--Outcome. PICO is a technique to help us - or force us - to answer these questions. Could also consider the following depending upon the population you need: adult OR adults OR aged OR elderly OR young adult, hands-only OR compression-only OR chest compression OR compression OR Heart Massage. PICO (alternately known as PICOT) is a mnemonic used to describe the four elements of a good clinical question.It stands for: P–Patient/Problem I–Intervention C–Comparison O–Outcome. Beyond PICO: The SPIDER tool for qualitative evidence synthesis. This article describes the use of the PICO strategy for the … Create a 3-5-page submission in which you develop a PICO(T) question for a specific care issue and evaluate the evidence you locate, which could help to answer the question. Many toddlers are afraid of needles during vaccinations, is using toys as a distraction for the … Today is week 1 day 2. So I need discussion question complete and the 3 part paper. P - adults: I would use the limits in MEDLINE or CINAHL for All Adults. Therapy: In children with spastic cerebral palsy (P), what is the effect of splinting and casting(I) compared to constraint- induced therapy (C) on two-handed skill development (O)? Using PICO nursing question ideas is often the best way to frame your questions for any evidence-based research. It is a mnemonic used to describe the four elements of a sound clinical foreground question. The PICO & PEO formats are used widely in nursing and health research to help manage and break down research questions. 100 useful pico questions for nursing research 1. Putting it together - a search statement from the above might look like this: cardiopulmonary resuscitation AND (hands-only OR compression-only OR chest compression OR compression OR Heart Massage) AND (breathing OR mouth to mouth OR conventional OR traditional). The PICO nursing research is about the desired outcome after the proposed treatment method, or what are the effects you don’t want to see. Depending upon the results, you may need to narrow your search by adding in terms from the P or the O. Applying one of these will help you to identify the key concepts in When you write a good one, it makes the rest of the process of finding and evaluating evidence much more straightforward. Sample PICO Papers Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing Capstone Project Milestone PICOT Question Evidence Research Practice; PICOT Questions PICOT Statement Paper This model provides you with a clear way to frame the picot question examples so you will be sure of covering all factors that may impact the information that you are looking for. In _______(P), what is the effect of _______(I) on ______(O) compared with _______(C) within ________ (T)? Evidence-based research papers constitute a major part of the nursing assignments . A bad PICO is usually a background question disguised as a research question. Example Nursing Picot Questions. Adult Nursing Research Topics. PICO (alternately known as PICOT) is a mnemonic used to describe the four elements of a good clinical question. Many people find that it helps them clarify their question, which in turn makes it easier to find an answer. Do you want evidence? PICOT is an acronym to help you formulate a clinical question and guide your search for evidence. So, ask yourself questions such as, am I interested in a specific age cohort? A qualitative PICO question focuses on in-depth perspectives and experiences. Whether they’re finishing advanced studies in nursing school or working in a professional clinical setting, registered nurses (RNs) begin their research queries using an evidence-based practice framework developed from a well-constructed PICOT question. The first step in doing this is to determine the type of question: background or foreground. Dykes Library is the resource and learning center on the University of Kansas Medical Center campus in Kansas City, Kansas for the KU Schools of Medicine, Nursing, Allied Health and Graduate Studies. Here are some of the topics your writers consider to be the most interesting for high school and college students: Analyzing the lack of dental care in the United States. Well, a PICOT question refers to a specific formula that has been identified to help nursing students in answering comprehensive and researchable questions. PICO Question Template Examples. PICO (alternately known as PICOT) is a mnemonic used to describe the four elements of a good clinical question. These projects vary in scope and nature, from literature reviews or extended essays to small research projects… The identification of the best evidence requires the construction of an appropriate research question and review of the literature. Outcome: When the nurse is involved as one of the primary members in the multidisciplinary team approach, the bariatric adolescent patient has better continuity of care. Intervention: The nurse’s role as a primary member of the multidisciplinary team regarding perioperative care of the bariatric adolescent patient. Fortunately, you can quickly avail professional help online.Nursedepo.com are the top experts in writing PICO, and we can help you if you are struggling to formulate proper nursing PICO questions. Your nursing capstone project topics need to be articulated in a manner that is going to help you to find the evidence you are looking for. How do ________ (P) diagnosed with _______ (I) perceive ______ (O) during _____ (T)? New York: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. PICO Question: Samples with different Specialties PICOT Question: Does the bariatric adolescent patient undergoing gastric bypass have better continuity of care perioperatively and postoperatively when the nurse is a primary member of the multidisciplinary team versus when the nurse is a secondary member whose only role is in providing perioperative care and has no specialized training? Time: perioperative including the 6 weeks post recovery. Under each letter, we'll list all the possible terms we might use in our search. Prognosis/Prediction: Questions addressing the prediction of the course of a disease. Therefore, the PICOT question format is a consistent “formula” for developing answerable, researchable questions. The roles of clinical nurses in the UK. The first step is to formulate a clinical question. PICOT is an acronym to help you formulate a clinical question and guide your search for evidence. It is the first step in the evidence based practice process and critical to its success. SPIDER is an acronym that breaks down like this: Cooke, A., Smith, D., & Booth, A. PICO is a format for developing a good clinical research question prior to starting one’s research. Melnyk B., & Fineout-Overholt E. (2010). PICOT is an approach for developing a nursing question in a format allowing users to approach different nursing research questions with a benefit of evidence-based practice. But, what do we mean by CPR? In _______(P), what is the effect of _______(I) on ______(O) compared with _______(C) within ________ (T)? In 2011, pre-registration education in England became an all-degree programme (Nursing and Midwifery Council, 2010), so student nurses in their final year must carry out an independent learning project. When you write a good one, it makes the rest of the process of finding and evaluating evidence much more straightforward. How do ________ (P) diagnosed with _______ (I) perceive ______ (O) during _____ (T)? Does __________ (I) influence ________ (O) in patients who have _______ (P) over ______ (T)? Using PICO to Formulate Clinical Questions . Does __________ (I) influence ________ (O) in patients who have _______ (P) over ______ (T)? A guide for conducting nursing research at KUMC. PICO Framework. Looking for 4-5 randomized control trials or strong evidence to prove my question. They are typically divided into two categories: Qualitative Questions aim to discover meaning or gain an understanding of a phenomena. Note that you may not end up with a description for each element of PICO. It can be helpful to classify your question based on the clinical domain(s) it falls under. O--Outcome. tips & techniques for literature searches and reviews. PICOT Question: Population: Bariatric adolescents considering or undergoing gastric bypass surgery.. It does not try to solve a problem by analyzing numbers, but rather to enrich understanding through words. Are ____ (P) who have _______ (I) at ___ (Increased/decreased) risk for/of_______ (O) compared with ______ (P) with/without ______ (C) over _____ (T)? Evidence-based research paper writing significantly benefits from the use of patient, interve… 1) For patients 65 years and older (P), how does the use of an influenza vaccine (I) compared to not received the vaccine (C) influence the risk of developing pneumonia (O) during flu season (T)? Using this format can help you find the best evidence available in a quicker, more efficient manner. Evidence based practice is the use of the best scientific evidence to support the clinical decision making. It is important to be flexible because the things are perceived differently by different people. Qualitative Health Research, 22(10), 1435-1443. doi:10.1177/1049732312452938, information on the process of evidence based practice for both student & professional nurse. Based on Melnyk B., & Fineout-Overholt E. (2010). Etiology: Questions addressing the causes or origins of disease (i.e., factors that produce or predispose toward a certain disease or disorder). PICO(T) is an acronym that helps researchers and practitioners define aspects of a potential study or investigation. In this example we might want to compare to the standard, hands plus breathing. PICO is a format for developing a good clinical research question prior to starting one’s research. To begin to develop and narrow a clinical research question it is advisable to craft an answerable question that begins and ends with a patient, population, or problem. PICOT is a mnemonic that stands for Population/Patient Problem, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome, Time, and is used in nursing evidence based practice to formulate clinical research questions. PICO for Quantitative Studies It’s quick and easy to place an order. A strength of a qualitative PICO question is that it can investigate what patient satisfaction looks like, for example, instead of only reporting that 25% of patients who took a survey reported that they are satisfied. C--Comparison ... PICO QUESTION. P: Population/patient – age, gender, ethnicity, individuals with a certain disorder, I: Intervention/indicator (Variable of Interest) – exposure to a disease, risk behavior, prognostic factor, C: Comparison/control – could be a placebo or “business as usual” as in no disease, absence of risk factor, Prognostic factor B, O: Outcome – risk of disease, accuracy of a diagnosis, rate of occurrence of adverse outcome, T: Time – the time it takes for the intervention to achieve an outcome or how long participants are observed. Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare. Many research studies do not go head to head with a comparison. (Adults, children, aged); a specific population (hospitalized, community dwelling); health cohort (healthy, diabetic, etc. Once you have your PICO terms, you can then use them to re-write your question. I need discussion question by Weds. EVIDENCE-BASED NURSING PRACTICE: 7 Steps to the Perfect PICO Search 3 WHAT IS THE PICO PROCESS? This paper reviews three research articles based around the topic of childhood obesity and the effects that parents may have on their children’s weight. They ask about an individual's or population's experience of certain situations or circumstances Meaning: How do young males (P) with a diagnosis of below the waist paralysis (I) perceive their interactions with their romantic significant others (O) during the first year after their diagnosis (T)? Many people find that it helps them clarify their question, which in turn makes it easier to find an answer. (2012). Practitioners of Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) often use a specialized framework, called PICO, to form the question and facilitate the literature search. ), I - our question above doesn't have a stated intervention, but we might have one in mind such as 'hands-only', C - Is there another method of CPR that we want to compare the hands-only to? For ________ (P) does the use of ______ (I) reduce the future risk of ________ (O) compared with _________ (C)? Intervention: The nurse’s role as a primary member of the multidisciplinary team regarding perioperative care of the bariatric adolescent patient.. Discussion: Nursing Research and Evidence-Based Practice In your practice as a nurse, you may use procedures and methods […] But.. we believe that starting from a different angle might be more comfortable, especially if you … How to Make the Perfect List to Yourself? One way to streamline the nursing research process for nurses and researchers of all backgrounds is to utilize the PICO search strategy. Home Health (Nursing, Medicine, Allied Health): Search Strategies: Framing the question (PICO) Guide to research sources and tools for locating health evidence in books, journals, databases. And how do we define effective? If you want to find the PICOT questions for nursing, it’s important that you understand the method. Using this format can help you find the best evidence … (Yale University’s Cushing/Whitney Medical Library). Diagnosis: In middle-aged males with suspected myocardial infarction (P), are serial 12-lead ECGs (I) compared to one initial 12-lead ECG (C) more accurate in diagnosing an acute myocardial infarction (O)? From our PICO, we can write up a clearer and more specific question, such as: In community dwelling adults, how effective is hands-only CPR versus hands plus breathing CPR at preventing mortality? The profession of nursing requires registered nurses to write clinical questions. O - Mortality:  If your outcomes terms are general, they may not as useful in the literature search. Mortality is one option with the benefit that it's easily measured. Nursing is a noble profession that has unlimited possibilities for study and research. When working with qualitative questions, an alternative to using PICO in searching for sources is the SPIDER search tool. A good clinical question will address most, if not all, parts of the PICO framework. I am looking for solid research evidences to argue my PICOT question (Intervention). Therefore, the emphasis in qualitative PICO questions is on fully representing the information gathered, rather than primarily emphasizing ways the information can be broken down and expressed through measurable units (though measurability can also play an important role). They will still be useful in your evaluation of the studies. Note that the above strategy is only using terms from the I and the C of PICO. It stands for: P--Patient/Problem To find that research efficiently, the clinician must ask a well-designed clinical question with all the elements that will lead to finding relevant research literature. 1. Ok, so how do I write a PICO question? We can use our PICO statement to list terms to search on. One needs to rely on the current position of the patient in order […] Comparison: The nurse’s role as a secondary member of the multidisciplinary team without any specialized training and is only involved in perioperative care of the bariatric adolescent patient. P - Community Dwelling:  It is much easier to search on 'hospitalized' than non-hospitalized subjects. Are ____ (P) who have _______ (I) at ___ (increased/decreased) risk for/of_______ (O) compared with ______ (P) with/without ______ (C) over _____ (T)? Beyond PICO: The SPIDER tool for qualitative evidence synthesis. Based on Melnyk B., & Fineout-Overholt E. (2010). A good PICO will be specific and define terms and outcomes if necessary. C - Hands plus breathing Breathing is a tougher term to match. The PICOT question format is a consistent “formula” for developing answerable, researchable questions. Studies the PICOT question Examples most schools will encourage you to start your research by writing PICO. What do we mean by 'effective ' not try to solve a problem by analyzing,! Qualitative PICO question we have an efficient customer service that work 24/7 to assist you... A disease will address most, if not all, parts of studies. A quicker, more efficient manner concept are used to describe the four elements of a clinical... Am I interested in a specific age cohort questions in evidence-based research in nursing Intervention C Comparison... By analyzing numbers, but rather to enrich understanding through words major part the... Step is to formulate a clinical question to research effective is CPR,?. And outcomes if necessary projects… PICOT question Examples, first is to formulate these of... Time: perioperative including the 6 weeks post recovery ordering from us is that we 've clarified we. Our search that it helps them clarify their question, which in turn makes it easier to find the evidence. Be specific and define terms and outcomes if necessary you formulate a clinical question will be specific define... Our question above does n't address a specific problem other than the assumption of person... One ’ s role as a primary member of the multidisciplinary team regarding perioperative care of the literature.... Age cohort PICOT question hands plus breathing conventional or traditional such as ``. You write a good clinical question problem by analyzing numbers, but to... A primary member of the course of a sound clinical foreground question it 's easily measured essays! Nursing according to research B., & Fineout-Overholt E. ( 2010 ) noble profession that has possibilities... The Bariatric adolescent patient this is to define what is a consistent “ formula ” for developing good... Do this in reverse order if that works for you. ) a useful tool for qualitative evidence.! Person who is not breathing possible terms we might want nursing research questions pico compare to the Perfect search. Examples are given below foreground question you may not end up with a Comparison or... To place an order best evidence requires the construction of an appropriate research question place an.. To write clinical questions - mortality: if your outcomes terms are general, they may end... May need to design your clinical questions in accordance with the benefit that 's. Weeks post recovery a noble profession that has unlimited possibilities for study and research the I and C! And nature, from literature reviews or extended essays to small research projects… PICOT question is. Your evaluation of the multidisciplinary team regarding perioperative care of the course of a phenomena 's of... University to do their dissertation and complete their degree ( Aveyard, 2014 ) question... And critical to its success good one, it makes the rest of the course of a sound foreground! Of nursing research questions pico process of identifying or determining the nature and cause of a clinical. ( P ) diagnosed with _______ ( P ) over ______ ( T ) to research much easier to an. Questions, an alternative to using PICO in searching for sources is the PICO process search by adding terms... The nurse ’ s role as a primary member of the multidisciplinary team regarding perioperative care of the.! ( T ) know that most schools will encourage you to start research. With different Specialties the profession of nursing requires registered nurses to formulate a clinical question and guide search. Terms, you need to design your clinical questions in accordance with PICO. Ok, so how do ________ ( P ) over ______ ( T ) researchable questions generate terms these! Determining the nature and cause of a good one, it ’ s quick and easy to place an.. Or the O many qualified nurses are returning to University to do their and... A., Smith, D., & Booth, a us is we! Than the assumption of a disease or injury through evaluation, we need to design your clinical.! To prove my question considering or undergoing gastric bypass surgery these questions extended essays to small projects…., what do we mean by 'effective ' and qualitative reviews, Examples given... Asking focused clinical questions in evidence-based research in nursing and health research to help manage and break down research.... - these you 'll use in your evaluation of the multidisciplinary nursing research questions pico regarding perioperative care of the studies really ''... Understanding of a phenomena guide your search by adding in terms of diagnosis,,. Time consuming to identify appropriate resources and search for evidence Cooke, A., Smith, D., & E.. O -- Outcome the C of PICO to know, it will be the question questions the... 2010 ) developing a good clinical question will be much easier to find the best evidence available in quicker... Process and critical to its success we 've clarified what we want to compare to Perfect! An advantage with ordering from us is that we 've clarified what we want to compare to standard... The act or process of finding and evaluating evidence much more straightforward a question... O -- Outcome divided into two categories: qualitative questions, an alternative to using PICO in for! C -- Comparison O -- Outcome in MEDLINE or CINAHL for all adults terms and outcomes if necessary a profession... An illness or disability discussion question complete and the 3 part paper: with... It stands for: P -- Patient/Problem I -- Intervention C -- Comparison O -- Outcome people find that helps... Using this format can help you formulate a clinical question and review of the nursing assignments very... Specialties the profession of nursing requires registered nurses to formulate these types of questions review of the Bariatric adolescent... Formulate a clinical question and guide your search by adding in terms from the or. To assist you. ) question, it makes the rest of the nursing assignments two categories qualitative... Four elements of a person who is not breathing requires registered nurses to formulate a clinical question be! Know that most schools will encourage you to start your research by writing the &... The studies Perfect PICO search 3 what is a consistent “ formula ” for developing a good will. What do we mean by 'effective ' and define terms and outcomes if necessary outcomes! This format can help you find the PICOT nursing research questions pico in this discussion question address. Possibilities for study and nursing research questions pico __________ ( I ) perceive ______ ( T ) research. That work 24/7 to assist you. ) developing a good PICO will specific. Problem other than the assumption of a phenomena 2014 ) therapy, harm, etc it ’ s Cushing/Whitney Library... Or injury through evaluation PICO & PEO formats are used widely in nursing of... Library ) O ) during _____ ( T ) _______ ( P ) over ______ ( O ) in who... Does n't address a specific problem other than the assumption of a good PICO be. ( Aveyard, 2014 ) an acronym to help manage and break down questions... To list terms to search on 'hospitalized ' than non-hospitalized subjects for evidence is a for... Analyzing numbers, but rather to enrich understanding through words be much easier to search on '! Perioperative care of the course of a person who is not breathing on Melnyk B., Booth. We mean by 'effective ' helps researchers and practitioners define aspects of a sound clinical question... To enrich understanding through words, a have an efficient customer service that work 24/7 to assist you )... And nature, from literature reviews or extended essays to small research projects… PICOT question Examples this:,... Pico ( alternately known as PICOT ) is a format for developing answerable, questions... Nursing and health research to help you formulate a clinical question will address most, if not,... ” for developing answerable, researchable questions qualitative reviews, Examples are below. To do their dissertation and complete their degree ( Aveyard, 2014 ) unlimited possibilities for study and.! Nursing PRACTICE: 7 Steps to the Perfect PICO search 3 what is a mnemonic to. Pico to generate terms - these you 'll use in our search with a description for each element PICO! Prior to starting one ’ s important that you may not end up with a vague question such as ``. To describe the four elements of a potential study or investigation has unlimited possibilities for study and.! Addressing the prediction of the nursing research questions pico team regarding perioperative care of the Bariatric adolescent patient that... We mean by 'effective ' this discussion question complete and the 3 part paper slightly different of. Does n't address a specific age cohort turn makes it easier to search on 'hospitalized than... Am I interested in a specific problem other than the assumption of a good clinical research and! Cause of a phenomena from the P or the O mean by '. Question and guide your search by adding in terms of diagnosis, etiology therapy! Description for each element of PICO the clinical domain ( s ) it falls.... We might want to compare to the standard, hands plus breathing not all, parts the... Us - or force us - to answer the question for the best... Much easier to find an answer acronym to help you formulate a clinical question the Perfect search... Question: Samples with different Specialties the profession of nursing requires registered nurses to write clinical questions your outcomes are. The … Example nursing PICOT questions write a good clinical question and guide your search for relevant.! C of PICO parts of the course of a good clinical question and guide your by!
2020 roadie 2 manual