Asclepias tuberosa ah-SKLEE-pee-us too-ber-OH-sah Audio Butterfly weed is a native perennial with flat-topped, orange or yellow flower clusters at the ends of its stems or in its leaf axils. It is a perennial plant growing to 0.3–1 metre (1 ft 0 in–3 ft 3 in) tall, with clustered orange or yellow flowers from early summer to early autumn. interior Woods. At maturity, Asclepias tuberosa reaches heights of between 1 to 4 Asclepias tuberosa L. – butterfly milkweed Subordinate Taxa. Toronto:Royal Ontario Museum, p. 138. Butterfly weed is easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Butterfly Weed is a tuberous rooted, native perennial that occurs in dry/rocky open woods, glades, prairies, fields, and roadsides. Also commonly called pleurisy root in reference to a prior medicinal use of the plant roots to treat lung inflammations.Genus name honors the Greek god Asklepios the god of medicine.Specific epithet means tuberous in reference to the roots. Sow outdoors in spring after last frost or in late summer. It is most commonly found in fields with dry soil. Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Asclepias tuberosa L., (Butterfly Weed) General Description . [14], Use of the plant is contraindicated in pregnancy, during lactation or with infants due to its toxins, which include resinoids and pregnanes. 1b. Native Range: Eastern and southern United States, Tolerate: Deer, Drought, Erosion, Dry Soil, Shallow-Rocky Soil. It is also commonly called the butterfly weed, milkweed, and butterfly milkweed. It is commonly known as butterfly weed because of the butterflies that are attracted to the plant by its color and its copious production of nectar. Mature plants may freely self-seed in the landscape if seed pods are not removed prior to splitting open. It’s popularly used in gardens to attract butterflies. Butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa) produces green foliage through spring and summer and clusters of small red, orange or yellow flowers. Some wild plants have been reported to have orange flowers that are very reddish. Long bloom period from late spring throughout the summer. That said, certain garden varieties of milkweed, such as butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa), will benefit from extra mulching through winter in cold climates. Blooming for 4-6 weeks in Mid-Summer, this plant is a favorite of bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. No serious insect or disease problems. Butterfly weed is appropriately named, as the nectar- and pollen-rich flowers attract hummingbirds and hordes of butterflies, bees and other beneficial insects throughout the blooming season. Asclepias tuberosa ssp. The primary pollinators are bees and wasps, rather than butterflies. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. A cultivar, "Hello Yellow", typically has more yellowish flowers than ordinary examples of this plant. Food. Asclepias tuberosa is a perennial herb 3-9 dm tall with woody rootstocks. Native Introduced ... Wild Flowers of the Southeastern U.S. (ASTU) Wildlife. The leaves are spirally arranged, lanceolate, 5–12 cm (2" to 5") long, and 2–3 cm (about 1") broad. Overview Asclepias Tuberosa also referred to as butterfly weed or Indian paintbrush, Orange Milkweed is a species of milkweed native to eastern and southwestern America. Butterflyweed has many narrow leaves on multiple ascending stems. It is about one to two feet tall, with glossy, lanceolate leaves that are arranged spirally up the length of the stem. Diversity and change in the effective pollinators of, Loewer, Peter 'Native Perennials For the Southeast' Cool Springs Press. Butterfly Milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa L.)By Larry Stritch. It requires full sun. The “Silky Mix,” or Asclepias curassavica, has several beautiful variations of the original A. tuberosa. Young plants develop from a single central stem, while older plants tiller at the base, sending up multiple erect to ascending stems from a large taproot. Another major difference between this plant and other milkweed is that this one does not have a milky sap. Scientific name: Asclepias tuberosa Pronunciation:as-KLEE-pee-us too-bur-O-suh Common name(s): butterfly weed, Indian paintbrush, butterfly milkweed Family: Apocynaceae Plant type:herbaceous; annual USDA hardiness zones:8 through 10 (Figure 3) Planting months for zone 7:June; July Planting months for zone 8:May; June; July; August Planting months for zone 9:March; April; May; June; July; August; September Planting months for zone 10 and 11:February; March; April; May; June; July; August; Septem… Butterfly Flower is a perennial flower that attracts butterflies. It makes a fantastic garden plant with a long bloom season and an eye-popping color you don't see in many species. Crown-shaped flowers form clusters up to 2" across. Difficult to transplant once established. It typically grows in a clump to 1-3' tall and features clusters (umbels) of bright orange to yellow-orange flowers atop upright to reclining, hairy stems with narrow, lance-shaped leaves. The seed pods turn brown over time and are nice for adding winter interest to the garden. This showy native wildflower is easy to grow, cold hardy, and does well in poor, dry soils. Asclepias tuberosa butterfly milkweed, butterfly weed Beloved by hummingbirds, monarch butterflies and gardeners alike, butterfly milkweed is best grown in poor, dry soils in full sun for that irresistible burst of life year after year. This plant favors dry, sand or gravel soil, but has also been reported on stream margins. Butterfly weed is a member of the milkweed family (Asclepiadaceae). Unlike many of the other milkweeds, this one prefers a dryer soil and must be planted in full sun. Susceptible to rust and leaf spot. The genus name Asclepias is named after the Greek god of medicine Asklepios. Asclepias 'Tuberosa' Plants Asclepias Tuberosa This attractive variety of Asclepias (also called Pleurisy Root) is a beautiful addition to your garden and also looks great in a pot or container for rooftop and patio gardens. [7] Sown outdoors after frost, a plant will flower and produce seed in the third year. Asclepias tuberosa (Orange Butterfly Weed) is a food source for Monarch butterfly caterpillars and very attractive to many varieties of butterflies. Majestically crowned orange flowers The plants grow to two feet tall and flower from July to September. Asclepias tuberosa: Butterfly weed, Butterfly milkweed, Pleurisy root. In the fall, upright pods crack open, releasing seeds glistening with silky hairs. Butterfly Weed is the iconic, bright orange beauty that's a staple in every butterfly garden. Flowers give way to prominent, spindle-shaped seed pods (3-6" long) which split open when ripe releasing numerous silky-tailed seeds for dispersal by the wind. It is uncertain if this is due to soil mineral content, ecotype genetic differentiation, or both. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Asclepias Tuberosa: Butterfly Weed for Monarchs and More", "8,12;8,20-Diepoxy-8,14-secopregnane Glycosides from the Aerial Parts of, Photo of a J.J. Audubon Plate Clay-Colored Sparrow perched atop Asclepias tuberosa, Butterfly weed brief information and pictures, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Asclepias_tuberosa&oldid=984054582, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 21:55. What is a butterfly weed? Asclepias tuberosa, commonly called butterfly weed, is a tuberous rooted, Missouri native perennial which occurs in dry/rocky open woods, glades, prairies, fields and roadsides throughout the State (Steyermark). Butterfly Weed (Asclepias Tuberosa) is a showy orange-flowering native Perennial Flower. This butterfly milkweed is perfect in meadows, wildflower gardens and as dried pods in arrangements. The Plants Database includes the following 3 subspecies of Asclepias tuberosa . This special selection of the wildflower Orange Butterfly Weed is … Long-lasting clusters of small, flat-topped flowers are crowned with a yellow, sun … Butterfly weed does not transplant well due to its deep taproot, and is probably best left undisturbed once established. It is native to U.S., east of the Rocky Mountains. Butterfly Milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is 1-2½' tall. Asclepias tuberosa--Butterfly Weed . Asclepias Tuberosa - Common name:Butterfly Weed - 2017 Perennial Plant Association's Plant of the Year. Crown rot can be a problem in wet, poorly drained soils. Flowers are a nectar source for many butterflies and leaves are a food source for monarch butterfly larvae (caterpillars). [4], Because of its rough leaves, Asclepias tuberosa is not a preferred host plant of the monarch butterfly but caterpillars can be reared on it successfully. They appear in dense clusters and are irresistible to butterflies, which help pollinate the flowers. Butterfly weed plants (Asclepias tuberosa) are trouble-free North American natives that produce umbels of bright orange, yellow or red blooms all summer long. It grows in … The species name tuberose refers to the tuberous (knobby and with swellings) roots. It is commonly referred to as butterfly weed because of the butterflies that are attracted to the plant by its color and it’s copious of nectar. Venable. Do you want to know more about how to grow butterfl… Asclepias tuberosa, also known as Butterfly Milkweed, Butterfly Weed, and Pleurisy Root. Native Nectar | © Joshua Mayer . Asclepias tuberosa, the butterfly weed, is a species of milkweed native to eastern and southwestern[2] North America. Silky Deep Red Butterfly Weed bears flowers with yellow-orange crowns and deep red-orange corellas for a lovely two-toned bloom. All Asclepias were formerly in family Asclepiadaceae but … Whether massing plants in large drifts or sprinkling them throughout a prairie or meadow, butterfly weed is one of our showiest native wildflowers. For a pop of bright orange that will enliven sunny summer borders, look to our native Butterfly Weed, Asclepias tuberosa. Common names include butterfly weed,[11] Canada root, chieger flower,[11] chiggerflower, fluxroot, Indian paintbrush, Indian posy, orange milkweed, orange root,[12] orange Swallow-wort, pleurisy root,[11] silky swallow-wort, tuber root, yellow milkweed, white-root, windroot, butterfly love, butterflyweed, and butterfly milkweed. In cultivation in the greenhouse, plants can easily be grown from seed to flowering in as little as three to six months. Another major difference between this plant and other milkweed is that this one does not have a … The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. 1996. The plant looks similar to the lanceolate milkweed (Asclepias lanceolata), but is uniquely identified by the larger number of flowers, and the hairy stems that are not milky when broken. New growth tends to emerge late in the spring. In general, very little milkweed winter care is needed. Butterfly weed is native to the prairies of the Midwestern United States. These stems are unbranched below, becoming branched above where the flowers occur. A butterfly host plant for Monarchs in particular; butterflies also cherish its lavish flower clusters filled with scrumptious nectar. Perennial, Asclepias Tuberosa . Source Large Mammals Small Mammals [8][9] The flowers are usually orange, rarely yellow or red. The Butterfly Weed, otherwise known as the Asclepias Tuberosa, Butterfly Flower, Butterfly Root, Butterfly Weed, Chieger Flower, Flux Root, Indian Paintbrush, Indian Potato, Orange Root, Pleurisy Root, Swallow Root, Tuber Root, White Root, Wind Root, or Windward Root, is a well known perennial plant native to the Rocky Mountains, Northeast, Southeast, and the Southwest of the United States. Butterfly weed is a member of the milkweed family. It typically grows in a clump to 1-3' tall and features clusters (umbels) of bright orange to yellow-orange flowers atop upright to reclining, hairy stems with narrow, lance-shaped leaves. With other common names including butterfly milkweed, orange milkweed, pleurisy root and chigger flower, Asclepias tuberosa is found in prairies and meadows, open woods, along roads and other open areas in zones 3-9. The brilliant orange blooms light up meadows dramatically, and of course, visits by butterflies are a bonus. Family Apocynaceae Genus Asclepias can be evergreen or deciduous perennials or subshrubs, with simple, entire leaves and umbel-like clusters of small, distinctively shaped flowers followed by paired fruits containing seeds embedded in silky fibres This species can be identified by its alternate leaves. Most easily propagated by seed. Asclepias tuberosa, commonly called butterfly weed, is a tuberous rooted, Missouri native perennial which occurs in dry/rocky open woods, glades, prairies, fields and roadsides throughout the State (Steyermark). Dickinson, T.; Metsger, D.; Bull, J.; & Dickinson, R. (2004) ROM Field Guide to Wildflowers of Ontario. Butterfly gardens, meadows, prairies, or naturalized/native plant areas. Its small, curiously shaped blooms also reward close inspection. Subspecies interior is known from CT and is of conservation concern. This plant is moderately salt tolerant. The species name, tuberosa, means full of swellings or knobs, referring to the enlarged root system." 2012. New York, NY. Seed pods are valued in dried flower arrangements. Drought tolerant. Unlike many of the other milkweeds, this species does not have milky-sapped stems. Plant Specs: Perennial: USDA hardiness zones 3a-9b (lows -40 °C or -40 °F) Native to most of the Continental US and eastern Canada; Plant in full sun; Height: 2 to 3 feet; Spacing: 15-18 in. Preferring full sun and dry, loamy soil, the 'tuberosa' attracts many different pollinators and is essential to the Monarch butterfly's survival. Asclepias incarnata, the swamp milkweed, rose milkweed, rose milkflower, swamp silkweed, or white Indian hemp, is a herbaceous perennial plant species native to North America. The flower colors are orange, red and yellow. Leaf blades oblong to obovate or oblanceolate, broadest above the middle, cuneate to rounded at the base, abruptly tapering to the apex … 7b. [5][6], Entire plant from the ground to the flower, Closeup showing unopened, opening, and fully opened flower buds, Fishbein, M., and D.L. Be forewarned, however, that you will likely end up with butterfly … In fact, no milkweed plant will object if you want to give its crown and root zone some extra winter protection. A punch of intense tangerine orange invites droves of butterflies. Common names include butterfly weed, Canada root, chieger flower, chiggerflower, fluxroot, Indian paintbrush, Indian posy, orange milkweed, orange root, orange Swallow-wort, pleurisy root, silky swallow-wort, tuber root, yellow milkweed, white-root, windroot, butterfly love, butterflyweed, and butterfly milkweed. tuberosa. [14] The young seed pods were used as food after being boiled in several changes of water. Easy care, drought tolerant and deer resistant, Asclepias tuberosa (Butterfly Weed) is a bushy perennial prized for its brilliant clusters of bright orange to yellow-orange flowers which bloom continuously throughout summer. Unlike many of the other milkweeds, this species does not have milky-sapped stems. Also effective in sunny borders or slopes. [13], Native Americans and European pioneers used the boiled roots to treat diarrhea and respiratory illnesses. It has flat clusters of bright orange blossoms and blooms from early summer to first frost in most areas. To learn how to grow it, germinate seed, and other facts – read on! The plant will not flower freely until well established. Butterfly milkweed stems are hairy, erect, and grow It is also a larval food plant of the queen and monarch butterflies, as well as the dogbane tiger moth, milkweed tussock moth, and the unexpected cycnia[3] Hummingbirds, bees and other insects are also attracted. It grows in sandy or loamy soil in prairies, roadsides, and open woodlands. Plants are easily grown from seed, but are somewhat slow to establish and may take 2-3 years to produce flowers. Does well in poor, dry soils. [5] Further, it is one of the very lowest Asclepias species in cardenolide content, making it a poor source of protection from bird predation and parasite virulence and perhaps contributing to its lack of attractiveness to egg-laying monarchs.[6]. It is surprisingly tolerant of partial shade, but will emerge later there! Nashville, Tenn. 2005, Druse, Ken 'Making More Plants The Science, Art, and Joy of Propagation' Abrams. Asclepias tuberosa ssp. Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa) is one of our great North American native flowers with rich Indian and medicinal history. Perennial Plant Association Plant of The Year 2017. Unlike other milkweeds, the sap is not milky. This is Asclepias tuberosa, also known as Butterfly Milkweed, Butterfly Weed, and Pleurisy Root. Unlike many of the other milkweeds, this one prefers a dryer soil and must be planted in full sun. According to Kelly Kindscher (1992), "Asclepias comes from the name of the Greek god of medicine, Asklepios. Orange butterfly weeds (Asclepias tuberosa), North American wildflowers, work well in butterfly gardens, attracting many different types of butterflies to their showy flowers. [14] The seed pod down was spun and used to make candle wicks. 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Most areas prairie or meadow, butterfly milkweed ( Asclepias tuberosa ) produces green foliage through spring and summer clusters... The flower colors are orange, rarely yellow or red the flowers occur iconic, bright orange blossoms and from... Mix, ” or Asclepias curassavica, has several beautiful variations of the other milkweeds the... Of butterflies orange or yellow flowers later there favorite for many butterflies and leaves are a food source Monarch! Found in fields with dry soil, but will emerge later there open woodlands also been to!
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