0000047263 00000 n © 2010, Genetic Technologies Limited. 0000047957 00000 n The cover crop may be sprayed out before or after the lucerne is sown. HARVESTING TIME Lucerne is mechanically harvested First cutting should commence at the bud stage and the subsequent cuttings follow just after flowering. Establishment: Lucerne is best established during the spring months typically mid August through to late November. This calendar is a GUIDE ONLY. Alternative is to sow pure lucerne into a standing stubble; lucerne and cover crop sown in alternate rows. Refer to the Pioneer® Lucerne Manual for details on herbicides labeled for use on lucerne in New Zealand & check product labels for timing & application. 0000001366 00000 n Moderate tolerance of soil salinity and sodicity 4. 7. Planting dates, cutting schedules & number of cuts are all influenced by management & the environment. 0000009329 00000 n With a simple fertilizer plan, Lucerne can be hugely successful and help costs during a time of increasing imports, according to Harper Adams University agronomist, Louisa Dines. Lucerne can be sown from April right through the spring and summer. As the confederacy broke up during the Reformation, after 1520, most nearby cities became Protestant, but Lucerne remained Catholic. Lucerne must be allowed to grow out to full flowering once a year. Lucerne is a summer-growing plant that has a period of dormancy over winter (depending on variety), to build up its store of energy for growth in spring and summer. 70 0 obj <>stream Some management guidelines recommend allowing lucerne plants to flower each year. Treating lucerne seed is recommended in any instance for successful establishment. 0000004362 00000 n Widely grown perennial legume with its main growth in spring, summer and autumn. (Figure 2). The lucerne plant is triggered to flower when temperatures start to cool and the day length shortens, or when the lucerne hasn't been grazed for a period of time. Second and subsequent years. greater risk of sowing the lucerne too deep. 0000028313 00000 n First Year Management Schedule. This will deplete the plant’s reserves, which in turn will reduce yield. Regrowth left on the plant through the winter protects the crown and the growing points against cold damage. Interactive tools that will assist you in making decisions to help you achieve the most out of your investment. Explore Lucerne holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. Adequate dormancy is important for the persistence or longevity of the crop, as well as protecting the plant from winter cold. 0000178471 00000 n However, the later sowings carry a greater risk of establishment failure due to the onset of cooler growing conditions in the autumn. Among the growing towns of the confederacy, Lucerne was especially popular in attracting new residents. Alternatively, lucerne can be planted in spring (August - September), which is the preferred planting time on the Highveld. Within the next 150 years it became a popular forage crop in many countries including Indo-Pakistan subcontinent. 0000057997 00000 n �O�0.�� Lucerne or alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is a deep-rooted, temperate, perennial pasture legume which is well adapted to mixed farming systems in southern Western Australia. 0000003965 00000 n Drought resistant. Sowings in the late summer will result in heavier crops in the following spring. The best time is, however, during late summer (February to April). couch, yarrow, browntop etc.) LUCERNE Spring Planting Establishment Schedule . If sown in spring, August and September would be the best months to sow. An established lucerne pasture provides an alternative source of forage for animal production, especially outside the growing season of annual crops and pastures. 0000001249 00000 n Growing Lucerne sowing. 0000047516 00000 n Recommended Planting Time: Spring, or during the wet season, soil temperature should be at least 20°C for germination, a higher soil temperature will give a more even germination. Name. In South Africa, lucerne is grown under irrigation and as a dryland crop. Figure 1. Its small size is handy for cutting slim logs from the branches or topping the trees to make more branches. 42 29 Alfalfa (/ æ l ˈ f æ l f ə /), also called lucerne and called Medicago sativa in binomial nomenclature, is a perennial flowering plant in the legume family Fabaceae.It is cultivated as an important forage crop in many countries around the world. 1. 0000048224 00000 n It provides strategies to improve the effi ciency, productivity, profi tability and sustainability of lucerne hay production, so that producers can 0000027985 00000 n Area of lucerne in NSW (Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 1922 –97, estimates 1997 –2000) SUMMARY Lucerne is a temperate perennial legume capable of producing high quality forage throughout the year, but its main production period falls in the spring, summer and early autumn. Like all legumes, including gorse and broom, tree lucerne makes very hot burning firewood, hotter than gum or pine. Possible weed control spray options: Pre-planting. Knock down spray to remove actively growing … Deep rooting, extracts water and nutrients from depth, restricts watertable recharge 3. Paddock selection. Preparation of lands for the planting of lucerne should preferably be started during the spring before the expected autumn planting date. 0000000876 00000 n Lucerne Production Guide. Herb. Introduction: Lucerne thought to have originated in Iran, from where it travelled to the Arab countries where it was called alfalfa, meaning “best fodder”. Find your local representative by clicking on your region below. Select well-drained paddocks, soils that waterlog at any time in the year create conditions for fungal diseases, and avoid paddocks with more than 4 ppm aluminium in the subsoil. Field preparation. Afterwards it was introduced in Europe and called ‘lucerne’. In the case of a cash crop being fitted in beforehand, at least two months must be allowed after harvesting it, before the lucerne is planted, in order to allow complete breakdown of the crop residue. ��f�L �d������ ��N� However early autumn sowings can also be successful. Lucerne prefers fertile soil which is rich in organic matter, calcium, phosphorus, and potash. Dual purpose (grazing and hay) 6. 0000028376 00000 n 0000180337 00000 n Maize for Silage Growing and Harvesting Costs Calculator, Maize for Silage Hybrid Performance Information, Maize for Grain Hybrid Performance Information, More Research, More Product Choices, More Grower Profit, The Complete Guide to Harvesting Maize Silage, How To Make Quality Pasture Cereal and Lucerne Silage Guide. It’s important to select a paddock that is free draining and free of perennial weeds (i.e. For further information on the successful growing, harvesting & incorporation of Pioneer® brand lucerne into New Zealand farm systems phone the Pioneer Advice Line toll-free on 0800 PIONEER (0800 746 633). Sowing with a companion grass mix helps out-compete weeds enabling lucerne leys to be left down for longer. endstream endobj 43 0 obj <>>> endobj 44 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 45 0 obj <> endobj 46 0 obj <> endobj 47 0 obj <>stream You can cut lucerne five or six times a year. xref Lucerne Seed for Sale QLD NSW VIC SA NT ONLY Lucerne Medicago sativa Form and Function: Legume. When lucerne is planted in rows, it should be done at a spacing of 600 mm - 900 mm apart. Sowing time. 0000009213 00000 n They’re generally short-lived – about 10 years – but in that time they can grow remarkably big to a bush about 4m tall. <<671C82650377184CBA0BEDB732A3673B>]/Prev 1011351>> LUCERNE AUTUMN PLANTING Establishment Schedule . It is used for grazing, hay, and silage, as well as a green manure and cover crop.The name alfalfa is used in North America. High nutritive value Optimum Planting Date for Lucerne is from February to May. First year – post-emergence. It is best suited to a wide range of well‑drained, slightly acid to alkaline soils (pH Ca 5.2 - 7.5). for growing, making and marketing lucerne hay, turning the art of lucerne hay production into a science. trailer Sow the seed 2.5 cm deep. 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