Research paper on health in pakistan i want to become a nurse essay. 2 (March/April 2002). The most famous one that has had the greatest impact on the country's demographics is China's "one child policy". Male children in Pakistan receive an average of 3.8 years of education, while female children receive an average of 1.3 years. The danger is that if these fail, the time horizons in Pakistan for U.S. decision-makers are likely to get even shorter that what they have been over the past seven years. The most commonly discussed demographic threat is known as “youth bulge.” This is the period typically before the demographic dividend can be realized when the huge tide of young people has not yet entered the labor market. It is, however, a phenomenon that shapes how communities and individuals imagine their futures and the opportunities that will exist for them and their children. During the 1960s, Vietnam had introduced a contentious law to restrict couples from having more than two children. There is too much to lose for Washington not to resolve this crisis. Or will the United States find itself in direct military confrontation with Pakistani forces? The challenge will be improving those partnership where cooperation is inadequate but vital. Understanding these changes and the effects of Pakistan’s demographic transition are vital to understanding Pakistan’s future. Today, this number has fallen to 68% or less. The lack of clean water impacts on sanitation. The other side of the “demographic dividend” coin is, of course, demographic danger. Activists had approached the country’s apex court to direct the government to act swiftly on the same, but the pleas were dismissed in March 2018. [46] Water is also essential for all other types of energy production. But viewed from a distance of decades or centuries it moves mountains.” [4], Population has always been linked to security. The most direct ways to prevent terrorists from gaining control of nuclear material are to kill and capture terrorist leaders, limit the number of nuclear weapons states and stockpiles, and ensure the security of existing nuclear weapons arsenals. [40] Naser Faruqui, “Responding to the Water Crisis in Pakistan,” Water Resources Development 20, no. [43] The Indus River basin covers 70% of Pakistan’s territory. As the country’s economy grows, its power generation needs will increase at a proportionately higher rate. [63] Pakistan’s overall literacy rate hovers between 40 and 50 percent. The government has unfurled a string of strategies, action plans and projects, but many observers are left with the sense that there is not a single, comprehensive plan to tackle the water crisis in Pakistan. This attempt to win hearts and minds is the latest effort to work with local partners to shape an environment in Pakistan unfavorable to al Qaeda and the Taliban. The majority of Pakistan’s natural gas production comes from Baluchistan, a province that has engaged in a longstanding, low-level insurgency against Islamabad for decades. At the root of the problem is that human populations continue to grow, but the amount of freshwater stays roughly the same over time. The centerpiece of U.S. counterterrorism assistance in Pakistan today is a multiyear commitment to train Pakistani Special Forces and the paramilitary Frontier Corps in counterinsurgency doctrine and pour hundreds of millions of dollars in development money into the Tribal Areas. [50] Tauseef Ahmed, “Population Sector in Pakistan: Current Demographic Situation Sectoral Problems and Issues and the Way Forward,” Multi-donor Support Unit, no. The United States must find ways to deepen its partnerships with foreign governments and militaries and key stakeholders in civil society to help shape an environment supportive of U.S. objectives over the long-term. Strong secessionist feelings and sectarian and ethnic tensions tend to overwhelm weak political institutions that have been purposefully kept weak by military rule. Bangladesh's Anti-Natalist Policies Bangladesh is the most densely populated country with about 1,100 people per square kilometer.It is a country populated by more than 150 million people. Government programs and foreign aid may help to ease the burdens of those who suffer most during this transition, but it is economic growth ultimately that has the potential to lift millions of people out of poverty, such as what the world is witnessing in China, and to a lesser extent, India. [6] Department of Economic and Social Affairs United Nations Secretariat Population Division, “Long-range Population Projections” (proceedings of the United Nations Technical Working Group on Long-Range Population Projections, United Nations Headquarters, New York, June 30, 2003); the World Bank, “World Development Indicators database: Country Data Profile,” September 2008. Anyone, married or single, who was childless after the age of 25 was subject to a tax of 10 to 20 per cent of their income. [52] Robert G. Wirsing, Baloch Nationalism and the Geopolitics of Energy Resources, Strategic Studies Institute, (U.S. Army War College: 2008). [12] Simply put, young people require a society’s investments in health and education, working-age adults supply labor that fuels this investment, and the elderly again require investments in health. The Gulf, with the rising importance of its Sovereign Wealth Funds and growing source of remittances returning to Pakistan, is likely to have a heightened political influence. However, the population growth has not been regular throughout the world. No greater threat faces the United States than nuclear material in the hands of terrorists. [9], Falling fertility rates has meant that Pakistan is presently undergoing a “demographic transition.” Demographic transition explains the shift from the high death rates and high birth rates of a pre-industrial society to the low birth rates and low death rates of industrialized economies. [55] Michael Kugelman and Robert Hathaway, Hard Sell: Attaining Pakistani Competitiveness in Global Trade, (Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars Asia Program, 2008). Four main migratory waves have shaped Pakistan’s demographics: at partition from India; the war in neighboring Afghanistan; workers’ migration to the Gulf; and urbanization, including the growth of the megacity Karachi. [45]. Because of the time lag between changes in fertility and changes in mortality, Pakistan is experiencing the possibility of what is called a “demographic dividend.” The potential for a demographic dividend occurs when a lowered birth rate leads to changes in the age structure of a population. Pakistani military forces have since fired on U.S. helicopters and drones that have crossed or approached Pakistan’s border with Afghanistan. Recent tensions, however, between the United States and Pakistani militaries have risen to alarming levels and threatened to jeopardize the bilateral cooperation. Fertility began to decline as families migrated to urban areas, woman married later, and family planning became more accepted practice. 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