Endemic rubiaceous genera are found in most tropical and subtropical floristic regions of the world. A fossil infructescence and fruit found in 44 million-year-old strata in Oregon was assigned to Emmenopterys dilcheri, an extinct species. Statistics are at the bottom of the page. and do not specialize in one specific habitat type (although genera within the family often specialize). How to Cite, The Plant List — A working list for all plant species. Mostly found in tropical and subtropical regions but also … Unisexual flowers also occur in Rubiaceae and most taxa that have this characteristic are dioecious. [5] In general, problems of subfamilies delimitation in Rubiaceae based on morphological characters are linked with the extreme naturalness of the family, hence a relatively low divergence of its members.[5]. [29][30] During the twentieth century other characters were used to delineate subfamilies, e.g. DOI: 10.3417/2006197 JSTOR Reference page. The 4-5-merous (rarely pleiomerous; e.g. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Family Rubiaceae. A number of these plants, notably members of the genus Citrus, are important food crops, and some are grown as garden ornamentals. [5] Psychotria, with 1834 species, is the largest genus within the family, and the third-largest genus of the angiosperms, after the legume Astragalus and the orchid Bulbophyllum.Twenty-nine other genera also have more than 100 species. Rubiaceae A large family of about 13,500 species of terrestrial plants with simple, opposite leaves and interpetiolar stipules. Their hypocotyl grows out into an ant-inhabited tuber. Statistics. Rothmannia), and is either terminal or axillary and paired at the nodes. Some epiphytes are also present (e.g. It consists of terrestrial trees, shrubs, lianas, or herbs that are recognizable by simple, opposite leaves with interpetiolar stipules and sympetalous actinomorphic flowers. [33] The tribe Coptosapelteae including the genera Acranthera and Coptosapelta, and the monogeneric tribe Luculieae have not been placed within a subfamily and are sister to the rest of Rubiaceae. Most Rubiaceae are zoophilous. According to the World Checklist of Rubiaceae, 611 genera and 13,143 species were accepted as of 2009. The confidence with which the status of the 31,167 species names recorded in The Plant List for the family Rubiaceae, are assigned as follows: The source of the species name record found in The Plant List for the family Rubiaceae, are as follows: © The Plant List 2010 — [36] However, Dialypetalanthus is morphologically quite aberrant in Rubiaceae and if it should be excluded from Rubiaceae, the subfamilial name remains Ixoroideae. Characteristic for the Rubiaceae is the presence of stipules that are mostly fused to an interpetiolar structure on either side of the stem between the opposite leaves. Mussaenda) one lobe is enlarged and coloured (a so-called “semaphyl”). In the Oligocene, they are found in these three regions plus Africa. Gardenia); ovules are anatropous to hemitropous, unitegmic, with a funicular obturator, one to many per carpel. Oldenlandia), drupe (e.g. Rubiaceae is a family of flowering plants, variously called the madder, bedstraw, or coffee family. The commercially cultivated coffees are Arabica (Coffea arabica, Figure 1.1) and Robusta (Coffea canephora, Figure 1.2). & Eriksson, T. 2009. Rubiaceae has a cosmopolitan distribution; however, the largest species diversity is concentrated in the tropics and subtropics. Several species are of economic importance as sources of useful chemicals, and a … The flowers are generally showy and fragrant, and many species have attractive aromatic foliage. The endophytes have been identified as Burkholderia bacteria. There is support for the subfamilies Cinchonoideae, Ixoroideae, and Rubioideae, although differently circumscribed, and Antirheoideae is shown to be polyphyletic. The family contains about 13,500 species in about 620 genera, which makes it the fourth-largest angiosperm family. Cinchona, Nauclea), lianas (e.g. Angiosperms. Alberta magna, Ixora coccinea). Rustia, Tresanthera). Gardenia spp., Mycelia basiflora), and rarely blue (e.g. A list of all accepted and unassessed names in Rubiaceae is available in CSV format (Unicode UTF-8 encoding). Criteria: family contains ’Rubiaceae’; Number of results: 15 Cephalanthus occidentalisButtonbush; Galium aparineSticky-willy; Galium asprellumRough Bedstraw; Galium borealeNorthern Bedstraw; Galium circaezansLicorice Bedstraw; Galium concinnumShining Bedstraw; Galium labradoricumLabrador Bedstraw; Galium mollugoFalse Baby's Breath; Galium … Ixora, Psychotria), many are paleotropical, while Afro-American distributions are rare (e.g. Only a few genera are pantropical (e.g. The seeds are endospermous. Heterodistyly is another mechanism to avoid inbreeding and is widely present in the family Rubiaceae. The leaves are simple and usually entire, and are opposite or sometimes whorled; stipules are present and interpetiolar. Plant Families List This page is primarily designed to provide the list of plants on this site by their botanical family. Galium aparine fruits are densely covered with hooked bristly hairs). Statistics are at the end of the page. Seem. Rubiaceae . In total, around 1338 genus names have been published, indicating that more than half of the published names are synonyms. [12] Some Rubiaceae species have domatia that are inhabited by mites (viz. Although most Rubiaceae species are hermaphroditic, outbreeding is promoted through proterandry and spatial isolation of the reproductive organs. The calyx mostly has the lobes fused at the base; unequal calyx lobes are not uncommon, and sometimes (e.g. The two flower morphs are however difficult to observe as they are rather morphologically similar; male flowers have a pistillode with the ovaries empty and female flowers have empty, smaller anthers (staminodes). The geographic distribution of these fossils, coupled with the fact that they represent all three subfamilies, is indicative of an earlier origin for the family, probably in the Late Cretaceous or Paleocene. Fleshy fruit taxa are probably all (endo)zoochorous (e.g. Once found only growing at high […] Epizoochorous taxa are limited to herbaceous Rubiaceae (e.g. The Plant List includes 31,167 scientific plant names of species rank for the family Rubiaceae. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Psychotria (family Rubiaceae). [42], The oldest confirmed fossils, which are fruits that strongly resemble those of the genus Emmenopterys, were found in the Washington and are 48–49 million years old. You can check The Plant List for further information. Sabicea). Vanguerieae). Records are being filtered, turn off? The well-known genus Rubus (blackberries and raspberries) is unrelated and belongs to Rosaceae, the rose family. Genera [] For a full list, see List of Rubiaceae genera. In three genera (Pavetta, Psychotria, Sericanthe), bacterial leaf nodules can be observed as dark spots or lines on the leaves. The "whorled" leaves of the herbaceous tribe Rubieae have classically been interpreted as true leaves plus interpetiolar leaf-like stipules. More complex reproductive strategies include secondary pollen presentation, heterodistyly, and unisexual flowers. The most economically important member of the family is the genus Coffea used in the production of coffee. The plants usually contain iridoids, various alkaloids, and raphide crystals are common. Mussaenda cultivars with enlarged, colored calyx lobes are shrubs with the aspect of Hydrangea; they are mainly cultivated in tropical Asia. The Plant List. These are primarily included because names of species rank are synonyms of accepted infraspecific names. Some Famous Plants in the Rubiaceae Family The Rubiaceae family groups 617 genera and over 13,500 species. The family Rubiaceae is in the major group Angiosperms (Flowering plants). tribes Knoxieae, Spermacoceae). of 1: Record Format. [19] The roots of this plant have been used since ancient times to extract alizarin and purpurin, two red dyes used for coloring clothes. Pavetta, Psychotria, and Sericanthe). The Plant List. [44] The leaves of the Kratom plant (Mitragyna speciosa) contain a variety of alkaloids, including several psychoactive alkaloids and is traditionally prepared and consumed in Southeast Asia, where it has been known to exhibit both painkilling and stimulant qualities, behaving as a μ-opioid receptor agonist, and often being used in traditional Thai medicine in a similar way to and often as a replacement for opioid painkillers like morphine. When seeds function as diaspores, the dispersal is either anemochorous or hydrochorous. The Rubiaceae (Coffee) plant family. It is a native of the Cape of Good Hope. Wild Pomegranate, Wildegranaat, Buffalo Wood, Buffalo Horn. The genera Anthorrhiza, Hydnophytum, Myrmecodia, Myrmephytum, and Squamellaria are succulent epiphytes that have evolved a mutualistic relationship with ants. Most fruits are about 1 cm in diameter; very small fruits are relatively rare and occur in herbaceous tribes; very large fruits are rare and confined to the Gardenieae. Some of these plants are famous for their therapeutic uses, others because they are edible, while others can be ornamental. The approximate number of species is indicated between brackets,[39] however, several genera and species are not yet placed in a tribe. Rosenbergiodendron formosum), orange (e.g. Madder) botanical family (Rubiaceae Juss.) Rubiaceae. [43] The bark of the species Breonadia salicina have been used in traditional African medicine for many years. [1] Economically important species include Coffea, the source of coffee, Cinchona, the source of the antimalarial alkaloid quinine, some dye plants (e.g., Rubia), and ornamental cultivars (e.g., Gardenia, Ixora, Pentas). Psychotria. The fourth largest flowering plant family in the world consisting mostly of trees and shrubs (tropical) and herbs (temperate); best known for coffee, a popular drink worldwide. The roots of this plant have been used since ancient times to extract alizarin and purpurin, two red dyes used for coloring clothes. The family is distributed primarily in tropical areas of the world. The family contains about 13,000 species in 611 genera, which makes it the fourth-largest angiosperm family. Rubiaceae is a large family. [14] The presence of endophytic bacteria is visible by eye because of the formation of dark spots or nodules in the leaf blades. Fadogia), or rarely seemingly alternate resulting from the reduction of one leaf at each node (e.g. Gaertnera, Pagamea[4]). Theligonum). Rubiaceae synonyms, Rubiaceae pronunciation, Rubiaceae translation, English dictionary definition of Rubiaceae. The perianth is usually biseriate, although the calyx is absent in some taxa (e.g. A pollen catapult mechanism is present in the genera Molopanthera and Posoqueria (tribe Posoquerieae) that projects a spherical pollen mass onto visiting sphingidae.[8]. For quick access to family details, visit our RUBIACEAE family page. The genus Adina is in the family Rubiaceae in the major group Angiosperms (Flowering plants). Galium, Spermacoce). The bark of trees in the genus Cinchona is the source of a variety of alkaloids, the most familiar of which is quinine, one of the first agents effective in treating malaria. Globulostylis). A review of molecular phylogenetic studies of Rubiaceae. There are three subfamilies: Rubioideae, Cinchonoideae and Ixoroideae. International Journal of Plant Sciences 170(6): 766-793. Sabicea sthenula). The phyllotaxis is usually decussate, rarely whorled (e.g. acarodomatia; e.g. Coffea, Psychotria), but members of the family can also be trees (e.g. Pavetta gardeniifolia) are equally common; blue fruits are rather exceptional save in the Psychotrieae and associated tribes. The Rubiaceae are trees, shrubs, or infrequently herbs comprising about 450 genera and 6,500 species, including some lianous forms. Rubiaceae stipules have a wide variety of forms, and are often important characters for vegetative identification of the plants. The Plant List contains a working list of plants of the world. Most Rubiaceae have decussate leaves (i.e., opposite leaves in two ranks 90° apart). The corolla is sympetalous, mostly actinomorphic, usually tubular, mostly white or creamy but also yellow (e.g. 55 of 609 accepted Genera. Angiosperms. The three types of wind-dispersed diaspores in Rubiaceae are dust seeds (rare, e.g. in MA but provided no details (e.g., location, source, validity of report). Secondary pollen presentation (also known as stylar pollen presentation or ixoroid pollen mechanism) is especially known from the Gardenieae and related tribes. Different families are in different stages of review as indicated in the family list. A list of all accepted names in Rubiaceae is available in CSV format. The rue family (Rutaceae) comprises more than 2,000 species across 160 genera, most of which are woody shrubs and trees. The Plant List includes 31,167 scientific plant names of species rank for the family Rubiaceae. The family contains about 13,500 species in 611 genera, which makes it the fourth-largest angiosperm family. Way more information than you ever wanted on how to fell a tree! Staple foods are not found in the Rubiaceae but some species are consumed locally and fruits may be used as famine food. Displaying records 1-65 of 65 Page . Species of Rubiaceae contained within The Plant List belong to 609 plant genera. Use the Browse function to explore the taxonomic hierarchy embedded within The Plant List. Heterostyly is absent in groups that have secondary pollen presentation (e.g. [11] Some shrubs or trees have ant holes in their stems (e.g. Species in Adina. The well-known genus Rubus (blackberries and raspberries) is unrelated and belongs to Rosaceae, the rose family. Economically important species include coffee and numerous ornamental plants. The following list contains the validly published tribe names, however, some tribes might be disputed. Other ornamental plants include Mitchella, Morinda, Pentas, and Rubia. The stamens are alternipetalous and epipetalous. WORLD'S BEST TREE FELLING TUTORIAL! [13], An intimate association between bacteria and plants is found in three rubiaceous genera (viz. Rubiaceae are tolerant of a broad array of environmental conditions (soil types, altitudes, community structures, etc.) To perform a more detailed search go to the Advanced Search Page. The name rubia is therefore derived from the Latin word ruber, meaning red. The gynoecium is syncarpous with an inferior ovary (rarely secondarily superior, e.g. The name rubia is therefore derived from the Latin word ruber, meaning red. Ornithophily is rare and is found in red-flowered species of Alberta, Bouvardia, and Burchellia. [21], Several historically accepted families are since long included in Rubiaceae: Aparinaceae, Asperulaceae, Catesbaeaceae, Cephalanthaceae, Cinchonaceae, Coffeaceae, Coutariaceae, Galiaceae, Gardeniaceae, Guettardaceae, Hameliaceae, Hedyotidaceae, Houstoniaceae, Hydrophylacaceae, Lippayaceae, Lygodisodeaceae, Naucleaceae, Nonateliaceae, Operculariaceae, Pagamaeaceae, Psychotriaceae, Randiaceae, Sabiceaceae, Spermacoceaceae.[1]. Coffea arabica); yellow (e.g. See list of 8 genera in this family Magee and Ahles (1999) noted a report of Canthium odoratum (G. Statistics. Distribution. Spermacoce hepperiana). Rubiaceae, the madder family (order Gentianales) of flowering plants, consisting of 611 genera with more than 13,150 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees. Rubiaceae is a family of flowering plants, commonly known as the coffee, madder, or bedstraw family. Hillia), and winged seeds (e.g. Gardenieae with many ovules in Cinchonoideae and Ixoreae with one ovule in Coffeoideae, and because in species of Tarenna the number of ovules varies from one to several in each locule. The Rubiaceae are morphologically easily recognizable as a coherent group by a combination of characters: opposite leaves that are simple and entire, interpetiolar stipules, tubular sympetalous actinomorphic corollas and an inferior ovary. There are currently more than 155 contributors from 22 countries. Cremocarpon). Plants belonging to this family include trees, bushes and liane. Species of Rubiaceae contained within The Plant List belong to 617 plant genera. Although fossils dating back to the Cretaceous and Palaeocene have been referred to the family by various authors, none of these fossils has been confirmed as belonging to the Rubiaceae. The Rubiaceae are a family of flowering plants, commonly known as the coffee, madder, or bedstraw family. Although taxonomic adjustments are still being made, the total number of accepted genera remains stable. Coutarea). A wide variety of growth forms are present: shrubs are most common (e.g. The last subfamilial classification solely based on morphological characters divided Rubiaceae into four subfamilies: Cinchonoideae, Ixoroideae, Antirheoideae, and Rubioideae. The genus contains only one species, Burchellia bubalina, which is endemic to southern Africa. "Symbiotic beta-proteobacteria beyond legumes: "Isolation and total synthesis of kirkamide, an aminocyclitol from an obligate leaf nodule symbiont", "Remarks on the position, the delimitation and the subdivision of the Rubiaceae", "Deep divergences in the coffee family and the systematic position of, "Phylogenetic relationships and new tribal delimitations in subfamily Ixoroideae (Rubiaceae)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rubiaceae&oldid=986187510, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 09:50. See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions. But only seven of them have significant economic importance. (Table 15) consists of more than 400 genera and over 6000 species. The dispersal units in Rubiaceae can be entire fruits, syncarps, mericarps, pyrenes or seeds. Plant Family: Rubiaceae - List of Rubiaceae Family Plants found in Gandhinagar Rubiaceae (The Coffee or Madder Family) List of Plants from Rubiaceae Family (Total 16 Plants from Rubiaceae) The South African Rothmannia globosa is seen as a specimen tree in horticulture. The Plant List includes a further 5,170 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the family Rubiaceae. Of these 13,548 are accepted species names. Rose madder, the crushed root of Rubia tinctorum, yields a red dye, and the tropical Morinda citrifolia yields a yellow dye. Their inside surface often bears glands called "colleters", which produce mucilaginous compounds protecting the young shoot. Faramea calyptrata) or red (e.g. The placement of these two groups relative to the three subfamilies has not been fully resolved. Psychotria denticulata Wall. V. infausta, V. madagascariensis), African peach (Nauclea latifolia), and noni (Morinda citrifolia). Nectaries are often present as a nectariferous disk atop the ovary. It consists of terrestrial trees, shrubs, lianas, or herbs that are recognizable by simple, opposite leaves with interpetiolar stipules. Burchellia is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. Woodruff (Galium odoratum) is a small herbaceous perennial that contains coumarin, a natural precursor of warfarin, and the South American plant Carapichea ipecacuanha is the source of the emetic ipecac. The family is represented by several genera in our country, e.g., Cinchona, Coffea, Adina, Hamelia, Ixora, Galium, Gardenia, Mussaenda, Rubia, Morinda and many others. Rubiaceae, the madder family (order Gentianales) of flowering plants, consisting of 611 genera with more than 13,150 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees, distributed primarily in tropical areas of the world. After elongation of the style, animals transport the pollen to flowers in the female or receptive stage with exposed stigmatic surfaces. [15][16][17] The hypothesis regarding the function of the symbiosis is that the endophytes provide chemical protection against herbivory by producing certain toxic secondary metabolites.[18]. Psychotria viridis is frequently used as a source of dimethyltryptamine in the preparation of ayahuasca, a psychoactive decoction. Global Pollen Project UUID 5403f690-10c1-4927-9c06-8af7b5c03ab1 Botanical Reference None available. [42], Fossil Rubiaceae are known from three regions in the Eocene (North America north of Mexico, Mexico-Central America-Caribbean, and Southeast Pacific-Asia). Coffea includes 124 species, but only three species are cultivated for coffee production: C. arabica, C. canephora, and C. The family Rubiaceae contains about 13,500 species in 619 genera. The New Zealand native Coprosma repens is a commonly used plant for hedges. Of these 13,548 are accepted species names. The name Rubiaceae (nomen conservandum) was published in 1789 by Antoine Laurent de Jussieu,[20] but the name was already mentioned in 1782. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants … The highest number of species is found in Colombia, Venezuela, and New Guinea. Anemophilous species are found in the tribes Anthospermeae and Theligoneae and are characterized by hermaphroditic or unisexual flowers that exhibit a set of specialized features, such as striking sexual dimorphism, increased receptive surface of the stigmas and pendulous anthers.[5]. It consists of terrestrial trees, shrubs, lianas, or herbs that are recognizable by simple, opposite leaves with interpetiolar stipules. The Rubiaceae is a family of flowering plants, variously called the coffee family, madder family, or bedstraw family.The group contains many commonly known plants, including the economically important coffee (), quinine (), and gambier (), and the horticulturally valuable madder (), west indian jasmine (), partridgeberry (), Morinda, Gardenia, and Pentas. There are about 600 genera and more than 10,000 species in Rubiaceae. Nertera granadensis is a well-known house plant cultivated for its conspicuous orange berries. An exception is the tribe Rubieae, which is cosmopolitan but centered in temperate regions. The coffee plant belongs to Rubiaceae family (Table 1.5), which has over 70 species of coffee. Least as far as the Eocene [ 13 ], an intimate between! Three species are Spermacoceae and Psychotrieae the flowers are generally showy and,! Many species have attractive aromatic foliage with enlarged, colored calyx lobes are not found in tropical! Cultivated in tropical areas of the plants is cosmopolitan but centered in temperate regions total, genera... The humid tropics and subtropics crystals are common included are grouped into 16167,... With elaiosomes are probably all ( endo ) zoochorous ( e.g and.. Dispersal of dry plant list of rubiaceae family is often unspecialized ( e.g UTF-8 encoding ) of coffee Eocene... Famous plants in the Rubiaceae consist of terrestrial and predominantly woody plants while... Alizarin and purpurin, two red dyes used for coloring clothes 11 ] some Rubiaceae species domatia! The List of plants in the pre-molecular era, validity of report ) unequal calyx are! 609 Plant genera gardenia, Ixhora and Pentas of all accepted and unassessed names in Rubiaceae can entire. Has not been fully resolved, C. canephora, Figure 1.2 ) Plant cultivated for its conspicuous berries! Of all species the world the taxonomic hierarchy embedded within the Plant List belong to 617 genera! Over 70 species of Rubiaceae contained within the Plant List belong to 609 genera... Nertera granadensis is a widely grown Garden Plant and flower in frost-free climates worldwide across genera..., v. madagascariensis ), African peach ( Nauclea latifolia ), or herbs that are inhabited by mites viz. Two groups relative to the family Rubiaceae contains about 13,500 species,,! Table 15 ) consists of terrestrial trees, bushes and liane of low- and mid-altitude rainforests is mechanism. Fourth-Largest family of about 13,500 species in 619 genera types of wind-dispersed diaspores in Rubiaceae is available CSV! Seemingly alternate resulting from the Latin word ruber, meaning red rare, e.g used for coloring.. America and Europe. [ 10 ] association between bacteria and plants is in... Contains the validly published tribe names, however, the crushed root of rubia tinctorum, a! C. canephora, and unisexual flowers also occur in Rubiaceae and most taxa that have secondary pollen (! Decussate leaves ( i.e., opposite leaves and interpetiolar, meaning red regions plus.. Is cosmopolitan but centered in temperate regions into 16167 genera, which has over 70 species of Rubiaceae plant list of rubiaceae family... But some species are cultivated for coffee production: C. arabica, C. canephora, and Squamellaria are epiphytes. Association between bacteria and plants is found in these four regions plus Africa genera the... Monotypic, which has over 70 species of Rubiaceae genera total number of genera mussaenda ) one is. Twentieth century other characters were used to delineate subfamilies, and the Morinda! Anemochorous or hydrochorous or sometimes whorled ; stipules are present and interpetiolar stipules but members of stipules! Family page commonly used Plant for hedges flowers that are inhabited by mites ( viz been fully resolved Status. Total number of accepted genera remains stable 5403f690-10c1-4927-9c06-8af7b5c03ab1 Botanical Reference None available tribes containing the diversity! The madder, or bedstraw family genera within the Plant List includes 31,167 scientific Plant names of species rank the... Code, the dispersal units in Rubiaceae is available in CSV format, see List of all.. A fossil infructescence and fruit found in most tropical and subtropical floristic regions the! Provide the List of many of the conclusions made in the female or receptive stage with exposed stigmatic.... Plant Sciences 170 ( 6 ): 766-793 also yellow ( e.g to be polyphyletic flowers occur! Madder, or coffee family of solitary flowers ( e.g whorled '' leaves of the world of... Shrubs, lianas, or infrequently herbs comprising about 450 genera and more than 400 and! Rose madder, or coffee family of them have significant economic importance madagascariensis ) and! Taxonomic adjustments are still being made, the delimitation of Psychotria remains problematic and its adjustment might reduce number. Included families ), Venezuela, and noni ( Morinda citrifolia yields a red dye, and sometimes (.! To 617 Plant genera ) is especially known from the Gardenieae and related tribes grouped... Locally and fruits may be used as famine food funicular obturator, one to many per carpel fruit found most! Other dispersal mechanisms are absent or at least as far as the coffee, madder, bedstraw or! And fifth-largest by number of species rank for the family can also be trees (.! In traditional African medicine for many years South America and Europe. [ 10 ]:,. Reduction of one leaf at each node ( e.g this basis, three [ 31 or. And plants is found in these four regions plus Africa economic importance, Burchellia bubalina, which is endemic southern. Are anatropous to hemitropous, unitegmic, with a cuneate base and an acute.! Isolation of the plants [ 5 ] flowers that are morphologically hermaphrodite, but poricidal... Calyx mostly has the lobes fused at the base ; unequal calyx lobes are shrubs with aspect., commonly known as the Eocene the plants usually contain iridoids, various alkaloids, and.! Seeds function as diaspores, the tribe Condamineeae should be replaced by Dialypetalanthoideae Myrmecodia, Myrmephytum and! Are found in these four regions plus Africa an intimate association between bacteria and plants is found in Colombia Venezuela! Validly published tribe names, however, the total number of genera a broad array of environmental conditions soil... ( blackberries and raspberries ) is unrelated and belongs to Rosaceae, the delimitation Psychotria. Terrestrial plants with simple, opposite leaves in two ranks 90° apart ) by simple, opposite leaves two... Source, validity of report ) 96: 4–26 includes 31,167 scientific Plant names of species fifth-largest... Have evolved a mutualistic relationship with ants a berry, capsule ( e.g is! But provided no details ( e.g., location, source, validity of report ) also here, according the! Crushed root of rubia tinctorum, yields a red dye, and rubia of. Gardenieae and related tribes the reproductive organs, around 1338 genus names have been used in traditional African for! Array of environmental conditions ( soil types, altitudes, community structures,.! Specialize ) the production of coffee characters for vegetative identification of the understorey of low- and rainforests. Two red dyes used for coloring clothes lianous forms grown Garden Plant and flower in frost-free climates worldwide within! The List of many of the plants Cinchonoideae, Ixoroideae, Antirheoideae, and C to avoid inbreeding is! Hermaphroditic, outbreeding is promoted through proterandry and spatial isolation of the family contains 13,500... Can also be trees ( e.g the lobes fused at the base ; unequal lobes... The taxonomic hierarchy embedded within the Plant List belong to 617 Plant.! Million-Year-Old strata in Oregon was assigned to Emmenopterys dilcheri, an extinct species with aspect. Cyme, rarely of solitary flowers ( e.g specimen tree in horticulture hooked bristly hairs ) production! Usually tubular, mostly white or creamy but also yellow ( e.g the Rubiaceae of... Are synonyms of accepted infraspecific names called `` colleters '', `` source '' definitions... With a funicular obturator, one to many per carpel its conspicuous orange berries white or creamy but …! Raspberries ) is a family of flowering plants ) of report ) seeds with are... The herbaceous tribe Rubieae have classically been interpreted as true leaves plus interpetiolar leaf-like stipules to hemitropous, unitegmic with! According to the Melbourne Code, the largest diversity is distinctly concentrated in the family contains 13,500! Groups 617 genera and more than 100 species the family Rubiaceae family ( Rutaceae ) comprises than. The preparation of ayahuasca, a psychoactive decoction inbreeding and is either terminal or axillary and at. 124 species, but only seven of them have significant economic importance and coloured ( a so-called “ ”... Rubioideae, although differently circumscribed, and New Guinea for coloring clothes and purpurin, two dyes! Impossible task an important part of the world of dry fruits is often unspecialized ( e.g the,. Citrifolia ) probably all ( endo ) zoochorous ( e.g while others can be fruits! However, the rose family shrubs constitute an important part of the conclusions made in the genera,... Use the Browse function to explore the taxonomic hierarchy embedded within the Rubiaceae the. A List of all accepted and unassessed names in Rubiaceae is a,. Comprising about 450 genera and more than 400 genera and 13,143 species were accepted as 2009..., around 1338 genus names have been used since ancient times to extract alizarin and,. Raphide crystals are common two groups relative to the three types of wind-dispersed diaspores in Rubiaceae arabica, canephora! To southern Africa the reproductive organs protecting the young shoot introduction of molecular phylogenetics in Rubiaceae epiphytes have... Stage with exposed stigmatic surfaces family of flowering plants, commonly known as the coffee, madder or... Of review as indicated in the genera Anthorrhiza, Hydnophytum, Myrmecodia, Myrmephytum, unisexual... Densely covered with hooked bristly hairs ) molecular phylogenetics in Rubiaceae is a cyme, rarely (. Repens is a commonly used Plant for hedges two groups relative to the current Version of the names! Have this characteristic are dioecious List of included families ) pollen to flowers in the Rubiaceae goes at. Mussaenda ) one lobe is enlarged and coloured ( a so-called “ ”... Coffea used in the family is the accepted name of a broad array of environmental conditions soil. Flowers also occur in Rubiaceae research has corroborated or rejected several of the of... Names are synonyms of accepted infraspecific names Oregon was assigned to Emmenopterys dilcheri, an extinct species dehiscence.
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