Phytoremediation of Textile process effluent by the use of water hyacinth is effective and efficient for the reduction of COD and metals present in the effluent. Wetland plants are being used successfully for the phytoremediation of trace elements in natural and constructed wetlands. The use of water hyacinth as the functional unit in wastewater treatment systems has been increasingly demonstrated and treatment regimens developed as a result of successful pilot projects[35,99]. Water hyacinth despite being a menace has over the past few years proven to be a useful resource. The water hyacinth is an invasive plant that is native of the Amazon and whose capacity for growth and propagation causes major conservation problems. From the nutritional value, we know that there might be something useful from water hyacinth we can have. The nuisance macrophyte, water hyacinth (Eicchornia crassipes Mart. Its rate of proliferation under certain circumstances is extremely rapid and it can spread to cause infestations over large areas of water causing a variety of problems. The results of several studies show plants such as the water hyacinth use appreciable amounts of the inorganic forms of nitrogen and phosphorus found in domestic sewage. One other risk would be the increase of dead or decaying organic material in the body of water, changing the chemistry and health. Water hyacinth (WH) is also known to have significant ecological and socio-economic effects. The hyacinth flower is used in the Haft-Seen table setting for the Persian New Year celebration, Nowruz, held at the Spring Equinox. The Persian word for hyacinth is سنبل (sonbol). Water hyacinth, plants at Mara River - Photo by Ted D. Center; USDA, Agricultural Research Service. The sea weed whose origin is South America found its way into Kenya in the late 1980s. Health Benefits of Water Hyacinth. Water hyacinth causes problems in many regions of the world by disturbing human activities such as fishing, irrigation and navigation. The plant has dark feathery roots. Solms (ITIS) Common Name: Common water-hyacinth, floating water hyacinth. Water Hyacinth: Characteristics, Problems, Control Options, and Beneficial Uses: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9559-7.ch015: This paper is a review of literature of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes); what it is, why it is of scientific importance, problems it causes, how it can Literature cited Brown K.M. Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) is a weed ubiquitously found in lakes, rivers, and other water bodies across the globe. Water hyacinth (E. crassipes) is one of the most prominent aquatic weed plant found throughout the tropical and subtropical areas of the world.Hyacinths are one of the most productive photosynthetic plants in the world. It has been estimated that 10 plants could produce 600 000 more during an 8-month growing season and completely cover 0.4 ha of a natural freshwater surface. If you would like a news letter once a week or once a month fill out this form and we will give you a summary of the books for that week or month by email.fill out this form and we will give you a summary of the books for that week or month by email. Water hyacinth can alter water clarity and decrease phytoplankton production, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorous, heavy metals and concentrations of other contaminants. We have new books nearly every day. Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) is a fast growing, perennial aquatic weed. Water hyacinth paper. One approach to effectively control the rapid expansion of water hyacinth is to use it as a feedstock in producing valuable goods. Due to the absence of effective natural enemies, the most notable infestation is observed in Lake Victoria. Toxic heavy metal pollution of water and soil is a major environmental problem, and most conventional remediation approaches do not provide acceptable solutions. Such examples are penoxsulam, glyphosate, imazamox and many more that are listed as Texas A&M describes. Although the process is efficient, it consumes more time and requires higher land area . It also produces nuisance of odor and flies. Hyancinth has been used to make furniture, baskets, produce energy in the form of biogas and briquettes and act as organic fertilizer. This article conducted an ex-ante cost-benefit analysis of the production of bioethanol from water hyacinth. The invention relates to a novel fiber lightweight concrete material Acording to the invention, water hyacinth fiber is mixed into a lightweight concrete matrix, wherein the water hyacinth fiber is processed from water hyacinth plant, and the content of the water hyacinth fiber in each cubic meter of concrete is 1.0-9.0kg. A healthy acre of water hyacinth can weigh up to 200 tons [4]. However, the final blow to the lake is the recent infestation by water hyacinth. The fiber board preferably additionally includes one of glue, sand, cement, sawdust, metal filings, dried rice husk, banana fiber, lime and coconut waste, integrated into the self adhering fragments of water hyacinth. investigating the use of water hyacinth aquatic treatment systems for ammonia removal and effluent polishing at a 0.52-m3/s (12 mgd) wastewater treatment plant in Roseville, Calif. Thus, the issue of water hyacinth should be evaluated from energy, engineering as well as environmental perspectives. Summary 1 Summary The water hyacinth … Though one risk as to using this method is the killing of native plants along with the noxious weed. A high level of weed infestation has been observed in several water bodies of West and East Africa. 2. In this review, the potential uses of water hyacinth are being classified and discussed. Solms-Laubach), was first reported on the Ugandan portion of Lake Victoria in 1989. WATER HYACINTH CONTROL AND POSSIBLE USES Introduction Water hyacinth (Eichhornia Crassipes) Water hyacinth is an aquatic plant which can live and reproduce floating freely on the surface of fresh waters or can be anchored in mud. Well, the health benefits of water hyacinth come from its stem, leaves, flower stalk, and even its beans. Water hyacinth has now spread to all tropical and subtropical countries and is regarded as one of the world’s most invasive aquatic plants. The hyacinth appears in the first section of T.S. The presence of water hyacinth on the lake is concerning. Scientific Name: Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) While it is technically feasible to produce bioethanol using water hyacinth, the economic feasibility of this valorization is yet unknown. If it is not eliminated, it will kill the livelihoods of thousands of households that rely on the lake for an income. 2010) Means of Introduction: Ornamental (Toft et al. water hyacinth. Since then, water hyacinth spread rapidly and by 1995, had colonised much of the lake’s shoreline. Laboratory experiments verified that the plants are It also form micro habitat for some aquatic animals, birds and disease vectors. Plant size ranges from a few inches to a metre in height. PDF | The aim of this paper is to determine the feasibility of water hyacinth in treating wastewater. Native To: South America (Zhang et al. It is high in protein (nitrogen) and trace minerals and the goat feces are a good source of fertilizer as well. The objective of the present paper is the verification and quantification of the reduction of phosphorus with the use of water hyacinths in tertiary treatment of domestic sewage. H. Araújo, M. Clóris; Use of Water Hyacinth in Tertiary Treatment of Domestic Sewage. Chapter 7 SYNOPSIS 7.1 Difficulties and possibilities of water hyacinth use in the Alaotra region 101 7.2 Implementation strategies of water hyacinth use in the Alaotra region 106 and in Madagascar 7.3 Conclusion 115 7.4 References 116 Appendix 126 Acknowledgement 142. Water hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes, is a floating plant an invasive nuisance planta, non grata in much of the world where it often jams rivers and lakes with tons of floating plant matter [4]. However, these features of water hyacinth can be considered as advantageous. Water hyacinth is becoming day by day a very serious problem in many African countries. Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) is one of the world’s most invasive aquatic plants and is known to cause significant ecological and socio‐economic effects.2. The decomposition of the plants if large biomass of the plants were killed at once, can use up all oxygen in the water. It grows in freshwater and has lavender flowers and round leathery leaves attached on spongy stalks. It is a species of great ornamental value used in gardening because of the beauty of its foliage and flowers but is on the (International Union For Conservation Of Nature) IUCN's list of the 100 most dangerous invasive species. A fiber board for use as a construction material includes self adhering compressed fragments of water-hyacinth. Adeniran[101] observed that the water hyacinth of CW based … The water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), known to be native to South America, has now become an environmental and social challenge throughout most water sources in Zimbabwe. IMPLEMENTATION GUIDELINE ON USE OF NEOCHETINA WEEVILS FOR WATER HYACINTH CONTROL AROUND LAKE TANA Page 6 this multi-use lake is facing multi-problems (both human induced and natural). Water hyacinth is an aquatic plant which can live and reproduce floating freely on the surface of fresh waters or can be anchored in mud. With high rates of regeneration, survival, and growth, it is generally difficult to clear water bodies infested with water hyacinth. In favorable environmental conditions, an individual water hyacinth can produce 140 million daughter plants annually; these plants cover 1.40 km 2 water area with a fresh biomass of 28,000 tons (Lu et al. 2010) Date of U.S. Introduction: 1884 (Zhang et al. User guide for water hyacinth use as compost in the Alaotra region 98 . Plant size ranges from a few inches to a metre in height. This article highlights the environmental challenge posed by water hyacinth on fresh water sources in Zimbabwe and investigates the use of the harvested weed as a source of energy in the form of briquettes. The effectiveness of sewage purification by aquatic plant such as Water Hyacinth (Echhornia crassipes), Pistia (Pistia stratiotes) and Azolla (Azolla filiculoides) was tested on laboratory scale. The use of water hyacinth in fish feed will reduce the present dependence on other competitive agricultural crops used in compounding feeds. The City of Roseville is a community in Northern California, approximately 20 miles northeast of Sacramento. 2007). Water hyacinth is a common fodder plant in the third world especially Africa though excessive use can be toxic. Other uses of Water Hyacinth. Eliot's The Waste Land during a conversation between the narrator and the "hyacinth girl" that takes place in the spring. Related IPS Articles. Water hyacinth has also drawn attention due to its bioremediation ability, capable of removing pollutants from domestic and industrial waste water effluents. Late last year, Margaret Kidany, one of the people involved in conserving Lake Victoria’s beaches, said the lake’s water levels might drop by 60 percent if the weed is not controlled. 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