However, when an Algerian National Assembly is convened it is skewed to settlers compared to indigenous Algerians -- two politically equal 60-member colleges are created, one representing the 1.5 million European settlers, the other for 9 million Algerian Muslims . Nationalism. Whereas the DRV failed to bring the Vietnamese question before the United Nations, the FLN effectively used the decolonization of the international system and the increasing number of “Southern” states entering the General Assembly to push its case against the French on the diplomatic battlefield. the main reason is that the native algerians felt opressed and felt that even in their own country, they were treated as if they were strangers. For one, this allowed the Algerian nationalists to play various sides of the Cold War more effectively against France. The French Army split duri… France had recently been defeated and expelled from Indochina, causing it to enter the Algerian War with even more determination to maintain possession of Algeria. Indeed, a FLN delegation visiting Asia met with Vo Nguyen Giap in the late 1950s to discuss the Vietnamese experience and how it might be applied in Algeria. In fact, during the decade following the Algerian War, many in France viewed the repatriates unfavourably as those who had abandoned Algeria and had chosen France. Actualización: I meant to add.. Why did they want independance? Whereas Washington put its anti-colonialism on the backburner in order to support the French in Indochina as part of the wider struggle to contain global communism, in Algeria the Americans were less prone to back the French for a lost colonial cause when it was obvious that the FLN was anything but communist-led. This was bad for France, mainly because of the Sahara that was full of oil, which was and is the most valuable resource to any developed modern country. This video is about the causes of the Algerian War of Independence 1954-62 His name was Charles de Gaulle. The Algerian war began in 1954 and lasted until 1962. Washington was even less supportive if it meant alienating other Arab countries, such as Egypt, in the increasingly important Middle East region. Second, the DRV, thanks in part to Chinese communist military aid, successfully transformed a guerrilla army, at least in central and northern Vietnam, into a remarkably modern army. Officers arriving in Algeria from Indochina carried other things with them, too. (The FLN never applied communist rectification, new hero, and emulation campaigns or even Maoist-minded land reform.). Although the wars and the entities running them were significantly different, the Algerian and Indochina conflicts were clearly linked in a myriad of ways.
  • The Algerian Revolution is a guerilla war because on All Saints' Day, November 1, 1954, FLN maquisards (guerrillas) launched attacks in various parts of Algeria against military installations, police posts, warehouses, communications facilities, and public utilities. A more radical paramilitary group, the Special Organization (Organization Spéciale; OS), was formed about the same time, but it was discovered by. 3. When the war started there were 200,000 Algerians living in France and 150,000 of those were employed. From 1962, he could now steer France down a more independent, assertive course in the international system, often to the dismay of the Americans whom he criticized for embarking on another war in Indochina. 4. He may be called to functions and civil employment in Algeria. Moreover, the settler population in Indochina, some 40,000 Français d’Indochine in 1945, was much smaller than the one million Français d’Algérie living in Algeria in 1954. . Prezi Video + Unsplash: Access over two million images to tell your story through video Why are guerrilla wars often won. The Algerian War (November 1, 1954 — March 19, 1962), also known as the Algerian War of Independence or the Algerian Revolution and in Algeria as the The War of 1 November was a conflict fought between Algeria and France. Long-term causes of the Algerian war. Help support true facts by becoming a member. Rather than walking away from Indochina aware of the reality of decolonization and the power of nationalism, many (not all) French officers left Indochina obsessed with never losing again. The Algerian Civil War was a civil war in Algeria fought between the Algerian Government and various Islamist rebel groups from 26 December 1991 (following a … But, in the Kingdom of God, a new blood flowed, a love poured forth, which enriched this land and these impulsive or criminal men with a superabundant grace of pardon and glory. In Vietnam, the Indochinese Communist Party went to war with its nationalist competitors as did the FLN’s leadership. The Algerian war of independence MVZ489 Causes of Political Violence Lucie Sitarová 397539 June 2016 . Many officers having fought conventional battles against the DRV in Tonkin and Annam were deeply frustrated by the absence of such combat in Algeria. Why your go-to-market strategy should be industry focused; Dec. 1, 2020. Whereas the French army suffered a humiliating battle defeat at Dien Bien Phu in 1954, it dominated the FLN on the battlefields in Algeria. Like the Chinese and Vietnamese united fronts, the FLN was designed to build up popular support for the independence movement regardless of sex, creed, or class. 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