Mr. Abiy said in a televised speech later that day that many federal troops had been “martyred” and wounded in the fighting. Africa 29.11.2020. It was impossible to verify his account because that morning the government of Ethiopia shut down internet and phone communications in the Tigray region, according to the digital rights group Access Now. On Nov. 13, Tigray launched rockets at two airports in neighboring Amhara Province, and on the following day said it had fired a volley of rockets at the main airport in neighboring Eritrea, which Tigray accuses of siding with Mr. Abiy. The violence could draw in neighboring Eritrea, which is allied with Ethiopia’s federal government and has a long-established resentment toward the T.P.L.F. 20:00 AP Explains: Why Ethiopia Is Suddenly On Brink Of Civil War. Why did Ethiopia’s prime minister launch a military offensive in Tigray? Ethiopia Broadcasting Coporation, via Reuters. Tigray has a paramilitary force and a local militia thought to number about 250,000, according to the International Crisis Group. Destroyed buildings from a demonstration after the killing of Hachalu Hundessa, a prominent Oromo singer. The United Nations and aid agencies are pressing for safe access to Tigray, which is home to more than 5 million people and where 600,000 relied on food aid even before the war. Because of the communication blackout imposed by the central government, reports from the region are sparse. Until recently Ethiopia, a close American military ally, was seen as the strategic linchpin of the volatile Horn of Africa. Even before the fighting​, ​Tigray​ was home to as many as 200,000 refugees and displaced people, according to United Nations agencies. There are fears the conflict may escalate into civil war. Mr. Abiy’s government was already facing serious challenges on multiple fronts. But with its brewing civil war spilling into Eritrea, refugees streaming into Sudan, and Ethiopia’s peacekeeping mission to Somalia now under strain because of its domestic turmoil, analysts worry that Ethiopia could destabilize the region. Ethiopia: What We Know About the War in the Tigray Region Conflict in the north of Africa’s second-most-populous nation is spreading across borders, threatening stability in a … The risk is that if the war goes on long enough, other major ethnic groups may break away from Ethiopia as well. In Summary . The following afternoon, Gen. Birhanu Jula, the deputy chief of the Ethiopian National Defense Force, said there were “injured soldiers on both sides.”. Sky News reports from a refugee camp last used during Ethiopia's famine in … The operation was launched after Abiy Ahmed, the Prime Minister of Ethiopia, declared that the Tigray People's Liberation Front had attacked a military base, although the Tigrayan state authorities have denied launching the attack, according to a Tigrayan state official. The already tense relationship between the two sides had been worsening in recent months. Ever since the war in Tigray started, he has been consumed by worry that the conflict might turn into a full-fledged war like in the old days. "Eritrea had a major role in the war. Ethiopia – Tigray: Ethiopians fear a full-fledged war ‘like the old days’ Earlier this week, the UN announced that an agreement was reached with the Ethiopian Government to allow “unimpeded, sustained and secure access” for humanitarian supplies to reach those in need across areas now under its control in Tigray. A​id groups have appealed to the Ethiopian government to secure access for them to the Tigray region so they can replenish supplies for people stranded by the fighting. There are reports that there were 20 brigades of Eritrean troops in Tigray. Ethiopia: War in Tigray still a tricky prospect Gwynne Dyer Independent journalist. After fighting the military dictatorship that ruled Ethiopia in the 1970s and 1980s, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front, or T.P.L.F., emerged as the leader of the coalition that took power in the country in 1991. Tigray, the northernmost region of Ethiopia, is home to the Tigrayan people who make up an estimated 6 percent of the country’s population of more than 110 million. Ethiopia's Tigray crisis: Thousands flee civil war fought in the shadows that could tear country apart. Closely watched leaders in Africa ’ s Liberation Front in the war badly. Becoming possible for Ethiopia where dialogue and peaceful co-existence was to have been prevented helping! 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